Sunday, July 8, 2012

Learn Aklanon The Easy Way




By

Melchor F. Cichon


2012








©2012 by Melchor F. Cichon
All rights reserved
No part of this book maybe reproduced on whatever method without written permission from the author.


Dedication
This work is dedicated to my wife, Pilma Dollolasa-Cichon, and to our children: Melchor, Jr., Vanessa, Ranel Vincent, and Eugene. I hope that they will also learn to speak Aklanon.





Introduction

This is not a grammar book on Aklanon. Just a guide on how to learn Aklanon the easy way.
This book was intended for my children who cannot speak Aklanon because they have been staying in Iloilo City and in Antique. But then I noticed that there are other people who also want to learn Aklanon, but there is no such book in the market. I hope that this book will help them, as well as promote Aklan.
This book is my legacy to my fellow Aklanons.
If you think that there are some slips in this work, please let me know. My email address is: gumamilacruz@yahoo.com ..

May 21, 2011

Acknowledgment
I would like to extend my heartfelt thanks to my wife for her understanding and to our children who have been my inspirations. Also Dr. Corazon Acebuque, and to all Aklanons all over the world.
I would also like to express my thanks to the authors of A Study of the Aklanon dialect, Vol. Two Dictionary (of root words and derivations) Aklanon to English) by Vicente Salas Reyes, Nicolas L. Prado and R. David Paul Zorc. Kalibo, Aklan, 1969.) This is my main reference in this book.


Table of Contents
Dedication
Introduction
Acknowledgment
Alphabets
Prefixes
Suffix
Kon ag Kun
Sin-o
Siin
Ano
Hin-uno
Kan-o
Paano
Pila
Tagpila
Ham-an
Ra
Ron
Ku
Ko
Polite words
Naka
Maka
Dash
Amon
Namon
Aton
Inyo
Anda
Akon
Nakon
Gender Differentiation
Ana
Imo
Ako
Kami
Kamo
Sanda
Hay
Verbs
Comparison
Days of the Week
Months
Paghuyap
Kuarta
Personality
Nature
Birds
Fishing Gears
Fishery Resources
Animals
Fruits
Vegetables
Parts of Plants
Parts of the Human Body
Professionals
Things
Members of the Family
Size/Distance
Household Things
Colors
Parts of the House
Cooking Materials
Taste
Antonyms
Synonyms
Idiomatic Expressions
Common Conversations and Expressions
Review
Mga Binaeaybay
Banwang Haeangdon
Aklanon rhyming dictionary

***************

If you can pronounce these simple words, you are an Aklanon. If not, you really need this book.
Try these.
But before that, pronounce first the words at the Hiligaynon column then pronounce their Aklanon equivalents.
Hiligaynon Aklanon
Balay Baeay
Kasal Kasae
Bongol Bongoe
Sugal Sugae
Balo Baeo


How did you find them?

Very easy, right?

But if not, do not worry.

Just follow the simple instruction that I will provide later. Very soon you will learn how to speak Aklanon as if you were a native of Aklan.
In the above examples, when you said , Balay, Kasal, Bongol, Balo and Sugal, you would have noticed that your tongue lifted up as you pronounced the letter L.
Now say Balo again.
Or just the letter L.
Now say the letter E. If you will not move or lift your tongue as you pronounce the letter E in the Aklanon column, then you will be able to pronounce the Aklanon words as if you were an Aklanon.
Did you notice the movement of your tongue?
You would also have noticed that the letter L in the above words in the Hiligaynon Column were changed to letter E in the Aklanon Column.
Generally this is the case.
The Letter L in the Hiligaynon words are changed to E.
But not always.
In Aklanon there are words that have letter L like Bala (bullet), Balete (a town in Aklan), Balde (bucket).
My theory is that the pre-Spanish Aklanon words have no letter L.
As you go along, you will notice that many Aklanon words with letter L are not native Aklanon words. Hence we have balde, bilding, bala, pusil, etc. These are all foreign words.
Going back to our examples.



That is the simple technique in pronouncing the Aklanon words with ea, eo, oe, ei, ie words.
Again, try reading these words:

Ro baeay sa may baybay
Naghapay bangod
Puno it kaeamay.

Ro anwang gaeogaeog
Sa eugan-eugan
Agod mapreskuhan.

Ro kaeamay gaeapuyot
Sa kaeaha
Maski butangan pa’t mantika.


Aklanon Alphabets

Aklanon language has the following alphabets:

A-- /ah/
B--/bah/
K--/kah/
D--/dah/
E--/eh/
G--/gah/
H--/hah/
I--/iy/
L--/lah/
M--/mah/
N--/nah/
NG--/ngah/
O-- /oh/
P--/pah/
R--/rah/
S--/sah/
T--/tah/
U--/uw/
W--/wah/
Y-- /yah/

The other alphabets in Aklanon are as follows:
C—as in Carlos
F—as in Alfredo
J—as in John
V—as in Victoria
Z—as in Zoology

These five letters are usually used for adopted foreign words. Otherwise, the letter C is usually changed to K, while F to P, J to H, V to B, and Z, if any, is changed to S.


Prefix and Suffixes
Like any other languages, Aklanon words have prefixes like: Pag, Na, Ka, Tig, and Manog; and suffixes like On, and An. As prefixes, they should join with the root words, e.g. pag + panaw, should be pagpanaw; nag + kaon, nagkaon.
Pag (Common verb prefix used for participle or command

Prefix Root Word English

Pag panaw walk
Pag hambae talk
Pag panaog alight

Pagpanaw ni Nanay, nagtangis si Mario. When Mother left, Mario cried.
Paghambae ni Tess, nagtindog ako. When Tess talked, I stood up.
Pagpanaog ko, napaeong ro kingke. When I alighted, the kerosene lamp was put off.
Pagkatapos it kaon, nag-ihaw kami it baboy. After eating, we butchered a pig.
Pagkasara it bintana, natueog ako. After closing the window, I went to sleep.
Pagkamatay ni Tatay, nagpanaw ako sa Manila. After the death of my father, I left for Manila.

Pag-ilis eon. Dress up now.
Pag-inum eon. Drink water now.
Paghambae it English. Talk in English.
Pagsueat it Tagaeog. Write in Tagalog.

Translate the following sentences into Aklanon:
After crying, I went to church.
After drinking beer, I went to sleep.

Na—a verb prefix denoting past tense.

Prefix Root Word

Na Pusa Napusa Broke
Na Pirde Napirde Lost
Na Lipong Nalipong Lost
Consciousness
Na Saka Nasaka Climbed up
Na Sueat Nasueat Written

Napusa ko ro baso.
I broke the glass.
Napirde ako sa lotto.
I lost in lotto.
Nalipong si Maria.
Maria lost her consciousness.
Nasueat eon ro binaeaybay.
The poem had been written.
Nasueod sa bote ro sueat.
The letter was put inside a bottle.
Make sentences using the following verbs:
Nasaka Climbed
Nasueat Written
Napanaw Walked
Nabasa Read
Nakaon Eaten
Nahambae Talked
Naduea Lost

Ka-- very productive noun prefix

Prefix Root English
Ka Anyag Beauty
Ka Bisera Head of the table
Ka Dueom Darkness
Ka Itum Black

Ro kaanyag ni Ana hay bantog. The beauty of Ana is well known.
Sin-o ro galingkod sa kabisera? Who sits at the head of the table?
Ro kaitum mo rang nailaan. I like the blackness in you.
Ro katam-is it atis rang gusto. I like the sweetness of atis.
Rang kasakay hay gwapa. My co-passenger is beautiful.
Ro katapusan it nobena hay sa Lunes. The last prayer will be held on Monday.


Look for five objectives in Aklanon, then add the prefix ka. From these conjucated words, write simple sentences.

Prefix Root English
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.


Manog—A general verb prefix denoting an immediate expected or intended action.

Prefix Root Word English

Manog arado plower
Manog bakae buyer
Manog uling charcoal man
Manog sueat writer

Si Pedro ro manog-arado ku among eanas. Pedro is the plower of our ricefields.
Si Nanay ro among manogbakae it isda. Mother is our fish buyer.
Naubos ro kahoy bangud sa manog-uling. Trees are gone because of the charcoal man.
Rang Tatay hay manogsueat. My father is a writer.
Translate the following sentences into Aklanon
1. Leoncio is a writer.
2. Carl is a singer.
3. Topsie is a linguist.
4. Cora is a dentist.
5. Vanessa is a poet.

Tig –Denotes a time or season. It also denotes quantity: at a time or a piece.

Tigsililak dry season
Tig-ueoean rainy season
Tig-aeani harvest season
Tigmaeais corn harvest season
Tiggueutom famine time
Tigbueunga fruit season
Tiglima five by five
Tig-an-um six by six
Tigsambilog one at a time

Suffix

These are two examples of Aklanon suffixes: On and An

On—This suffix is generally attached at the end of a verb or a noun without adding to or substracting a letter from the root word.

Root word  Suffix English

Abot on receive
Ako on accept
Antus on suffer
Athag on clarify
Dapit on to ferry across
Gilok on having an abrasive surface
Libag on off-key

But at times, h is added before the suffix on. Example:
Bag-o (new) hon to change
Bato (stone) hon stony, to stone
Bomba (bomb) hon to bomb
Bana (husband) hon to marry
Ataki (attack) hon to attack
Gawa (to look at the window)hon to look out of
the window

At times, a vowel is removed from the root word, then add on or eon. Examples:

Bakae (buy) bakeon to buy
Sukoe (measure) sukeon to measure
Kasae (marry) kaseon to marry
Pusa (break) pus-on to break
Sampae (slap) sampaeon to slap
Hambae (speak) hambaeon to say it

An—a suffix denoting a place or a referent. It is used with verbs, nouns, and adjectives.

Verb

Bakae (buy) bakean buy
Daeagan (run) daeaganan runway
Eukso (jump) euksohan jumping place
Tindog (stand) tindugan stand up
Lingkod (sit) lingkuran chair
Sipa (kick) silipaan a place to kick

Nouns

Simba (go to church) simbahan (church)
Hangin (wind) hanginan (blow wind)
Sapatos (shoes) sapatusan (put on shoes)
Tinda (ware) tindahan (store)
Duyan (cradle) duyanan (a place to cradle)
Lapis (pencil) lapisan (write in pencil)

Adjectives
Ba-ba (mouth) ba-baan (talkative)
Taas (height) taasan( higher)
Puti (white) putian( white species/race)

Kon ag Kun

Kon is if in English
Kon buhi si Tatay nakatuon kunta ako. If Father were alive I could have gone to school.
Kon indi mag-uean, mapanaw ako. If it would not rain, I would go.

Kun is used for or to differentiate it from kon (if).
Sin-o ro mapanaw, ikaw kun ako? Who will go, you or me?
Si Maria kun si Pedro ro makanta? Is it Maria or Pedro who will sing?

Sin-o (Who)

Sin-o is always associated with a person. Otherwise, use ano.
Sin-o ring Nanay?
Who is your mother?
Sin-o ro hepe sa opisina ngara?
Who is the chief in this office?
Sin-o ro mas mabahoe, si Pedro kun si Juan?
Who is bigger, Pedro or Juan?

Translate the following sentences into English.

Sin-o ring Tatay?
Sin-o ring kaibahan?
Sin-o ro madaug sa kakera?
Sin-o ring gina-usoy?
Sin-o ra nobya?

Siin (Where)

Siin ro simbahan?
Where is the church?
Siin ro airport?
Where is the airport?
Siin ro pyer?
Where is the pier?
Siin ro tindahan?
Where is the market?
Kon siin ro banwa, owa ako kasayod.
Where the town proper is, I do not know.

Translate the following sentences into Aklanon

Where is my mother?
Where is my father?
Where can I find a telephone?
Where is the library?
Where can I buy a cellphone?

Ano (What)

Here are some usages of Ano.
Ano ra?
What is this?
Ano ron?
What is that?
Ano ring obrahon pag-abot mo sa Boracay?
What will you do when you reach Boracay?
Kon ano man ring plano, panindugan mo.
Whatever your decision is, stand by it.
Ano ro mayad sa mga buaya?
What is good for the crocodiles?

Translate the following into Aklanon

What is your name?
What do you think of Boracay?
What time is it now?

Hin-uno (When)—denoting a future action or event

Hin-uno ka mapanaw?
When will you leave?
Hin-uno ka mabalik?
When will you come back?
Hin-uno ka mauli?
When will you go home?
Hin-uno ro fiesta riya?
When will be the fiesta here?
Hin-uno ro Ati-Atihan?
When will be the Ati-Atihan?

Translate the following sentences into Aklanon

When will be your birthday?
When is the planting season?
You know when you will get married?

Kan-o (When)—denoting past events

Kan-o ka nag-asawa?
When did you get married?
Kan-o nag-abot si Tatay?
When did Father arrive?
Kan-o nasunog ro Kalibo?
When did Kalibo get burnt?
Kan-o nadakpan si Candido Iban sa Lezo?
When was Candido Iban apprended in Lezo?
Kan-o nahimo nga probinsya ro Aklan?
When did Aklan become a province?
Kan-o ka nagsueat?
When did you write a letter?
Kan-o ka nanda gin-agyan?
When did they pass by you?

Translate the following into Aklanon

When did you last cry?
When did she win the prize?
When did she leave?
When did you go to school?
When did you bring her home?
When did you eat the cake?

Paano (How)

Paano mo ra gina-obra?
How do you do this?
Paano eon lang ako kon owa ka?
What will I be without you?
Paano kon owa ka?
What will happen without you?
Paano sanda magsaka sa Mandayog?
How will they climb Manduyog?
Paano kita magkita?
How will we meet?
Paano mo ako abi pangasaw-on?
How will you court me?

Translate the following sentences into English?

Paano mo dakpon ro tagiposuon?
Paano mo buligan ro mga pobre?
Paano mo ako daehon sa Manila?
Paano kita higugmaon?
Paano mo aywan ring nobya?
Paano mo eahaon ro latik?

Pila (How much)

Pila kon bakeon ra?
How much is this?
Pila ro pamasahe halin sa Kalibo paagto sa Malinao?
How much is the fare from Kalibo to Malinao?
Pila ro plete sa eroplano?
How much is the fare in the airplane?

Pila (How many)

Pila ring onga?
How many children do you have?
Pila ro tawo sa Pilipinas?
How many people are there in the Philippines?
Pila kamo tanan?
How many are you all?

Tagpila (how much/many by batch/individual)

Tagpila ro kilo it kamatis?
How much is a kilo of tomatoes?
Tagpila ro sueod it kwarto?
How many people are there per room?
Tagpila ro plete sa eroplano?
How much is the airplane fare per person?

Translate the following sentences into Aklanon

How much is your rate per hour?
How much is the exchange rate of a dollar to peso?

Why (Ham-an or Ham-at)

Ham-an is usually written with it , hence it is sometimes written as ham-an it or ham-at.
Ham-an?
Why?
Ham-at natabo?
Why did it happen?
Ham-at madueom ro gabii?
Why is the night dark?
Ham-at masubo ka?
Why are you sad?
Ham-at masadya ka?
Why are you happy?
Ham-at masangag ro dagasanan?
Why are the rapids noisy?
Ham-at owa ka gapamati kakon?
Why are you not listening to me?

Translate the following sentences into Aklanon?

1. Why don’t you stay for a while?
2. Why is she worried?
3. Why didn’t you ask for it?
4. Why can’t you not believe me?
5. Why are you jumping?
6. Why is it difficult to love you?

Ra (This) ag Raya (This)

These two words are used interchangeably. But usually, ra is put at the end of the sentence, and raya at the beginning of the sentence.

Taga siin ra? From where is this?
Sin-o ra? Who is he/she?
Ano ra? What is this?
Siin ra? Where is this?
Pila ra? How much is this?

Raya ring ayam? Is this your dog?
Raya ro kwarta naton? Is this our money?
Raya ro baeay ko. This is my house.
Raya ro suba it Akean. This is the Aklan River.
Raya ro mayad nga paagi? Is this the right method?
Raya ro anwang nga naduea. This is the lost carabao.

You may put raya at the end of the sentence, but it looks awkward. Example:

Siin naghalin raya? Where did this come from?

Ginbakae mo raya? Did you buy this?
Ayam mo raya? Is this your dog?
Manok mo raya? Is this your chicken?
Karakter mo raya? Is this your character?

Ron (That)

Ron is usually put at the end of a sentence. It is equivalent to that. But it can also be put inside a sentence. The object being mentioned is away from the speaker.

Taga siin ron? From where is that?
Sin-o ron? Who is that?
Ano ron? What is that?
Siin ron? Where is that?
Pila ron? How much is that?
Makaron gid man ron imaw.
That is his/her nature.
Owa eon ron imaw it problema.
He has no more problems.
Madumduman pa ron nana.
He will still remember it.


Translate the following sentences into Aklanon

That is not my cat.
That is your dog.
That is far from here.
That is emotional.
That was a happy event.

The use of Ku ag Ko

Ku is used when it refers to of, by and when; while Ko is used when it refers to I, Me, My
Ku Sabado ko ron gin-obra.
I did that last Saturday.
Baeay ron ku Taga-Lezo.
That is the house of someone from Lezo.
Gintipon ku maestro ro mga libro.
The books were gathered by the teacher.

Kahapon ko eang ron natapos.
I only finished it yesterday.
Baeay ko ron.
That is my house.
Manghod ko man ron.
He is also my brother.
Ginsueat ko ro drama.
I wrote the play.

Translate the following sentences into Aklanon:

I wrote that question last week.
That paper is mine.
That is my house.
That is the house of my uncle.
I purchased that only today.

Polite Words in Aklanon

Like all other languages, Aklanon has polite words too. The Tagalogs use Paki, the Ilonggos use Palihog, the English speakers use Please. Aklanons use anay and ha, and they usually say them in a low voice. Anay is usually placed after the pronouns (mo, ako, nana, ninyo, etc.).
But Aklanons have also adopted Palihog, the Hiligaynon word for please. Aklanons also use kon pwede eang in their requests.
But anay can also be used as an equivalent to “first” or “for the time being.”
Iabot mo anay rang lapis. Please hand me my pencil.
Daehon mo anay rang bag. Please bring my bag.
Bakean mo anay it tinapay si Nanay. Please buy bread for Nanay.
Ginbaryan anay nana rang plete. He first paid my fare.
Kon pwede, daehon mo rang eambong. If possible, please bring along my clothes.
Bakean mo anay ako it tinapay. Please buy me bread first.

Please translate the following sentences into Aklanon:

Please buy me a ticket.
Please call my father first before you come home.
Please close the door.
Please erase the blackboard.
Please tell my mother that I am in good condition.

Naka ag Maka.

Naka or Could denotes past events, while maka expresses a present or future event.
Examples
Nakakaon eon ako’t humay. I have eaten cooked rice.
Nakabaligya eon ako it tiket. I already have sold a ticket.
Makakaon man siguro ako’t humay. Perhaps, I can also eat cooked rice.
Makabakae man ako it cellphone. I can also buy a cellphone.
Use the following words in the sentence:
Nakabaton (received)
Nakahuyap (counted)
Nakapasa (passed)
Maka-inum (can drink)
Makabakae (can buy)

The use of the Dash ( _ )

The dash is used to show an internal glottal stop before or after a consonant:
Sin-o (who)
Gae-om (cloud)
An-om (six)
Bi-bi (edge)
Ap-at (four)

A dash is also used to separate a prefix ending in a consonant from a root word:

Manog-inum (drinker)
Nag-uean (rained)
Gin-isoe (moved)
Pag-aku (accept)
Tig-ueuean (rainy season)

Amon (Ours)

Amon is usually written at the beginning of a sentence. For a change, use namon, but you have to put it after a noun or a verb.
Amon ron.
That’s ours.
Ro amon nga baeay hay maeapit sa baybay.
Our house is near the shore.
Ro amon nga simbahan hay dumaan.
Our church is ancient.
Kon Paskwa ro amon nga baeay hay may parol
On Christmas Season, our house has parols.

Namon is a substitute of amon.

Ro baeay namon hay maeapit sa baybay.
Ro simbahan namon hay dumaan.
Kon Paskwa ro baeay namon hay may parol.
Ginsag-ahan namon ro kanae.
Ro baeay namon hay maeapit sa Akean.

Aton (Ours) and Naton (Ours)

Aton ron nga lamesa.
That table is ours.
Lamesa naton ron
That table is ours.
Ro baeay nga puea hay aton.
The red house is ours.
Ro aton nga kantahon hay My First Romance.
We will sing My First Romance.
Now instead of using aton, we will use Naton without losing any meaning except the style.
Lamesa ron naton.
Kantahon naton ro My First Romance.
Baeay naton ro baeay nga puea.
In the following sentences, change Aton to Naton
Aton ron nga lapis.
Hin-aga ro aton nga torno.

Inyo (Your(s)) (Ninyo, Your(s))

Inyo ro baeay ngara?
Is this your house?
Inyo ra nga baeay
Is this house yours?
Baeay ninyo ron?
Is that your house?
Is that house yours?
Inyo nga kabayo ron?
Is that your horse?
Is that horse yours?
Kabayo ninyo ra?
In this your horse?
Is this horse yours?

Translate these sentences into English

1. Inyo ra nga pantat?
2. Kamatis ninyo ra?
3. Gin-ano ninyo ro sawa?
4. Alinon ninyo rang kabayo?

Anda (Their) and Nanda (Their(s))

Anda and Nanda can be used interchangeably and get the same meaning. But be careful in using them to make your sentences logical.
Anda ron nga lamesa.
That is their house.
Anda ron nga lamesa?
Is this house theirs?
Lamesa nanda ron.
That is their table.
Lamesa nanda ron?
Is that table theirs?
Bangud anda kuno ro lamesa, ginbaligya nanda kakon.
Because the table is theirs, they sold it to me.

The use of Akon (Mine, I, My)

Akon nga ginsueat ron. I wrote that.
Akon ron nga ginbakae. I bought that.
Akon ron. That is mine.
Akon ron nga kwarta. That is my money.
Akon ron nga ayam. That is my dog.
Akon ra nga kuring. This is my cat.

You will notice that Akon is not usually written at the end of the sentence. If we do that, the sentence becomes awkward, unless we make some changes in the wordings.

For example. Akon ron nga kwarta. (That is my money).

Now if we put akon at the end of the sentence, it would look like this: Kwarta ron akon. To remedy it, we have to rewrite it: Ro kwarta ngaron hay akon. Still, it is awkward.

Translate the following sentences into English.

Akon ron.
Akon ron nga gintanum.
Akon ron nga manok.

Nakon (Mine, I, My)

Nakon is usually written immediately after a noun or a verb, while akon is usually written at the beginning of the sentence.

Baeay nakon don. That house is mine.
Gin-obra nakon ra. I made this.
Ayam nakon don. That is my dog.
Ginpasugtan nakon imaw magtuon. I allowed him/her to study.
Ginbakean nakon imaw it eambong. I bought him a dress.

Translate the following sentences into English.

Gintuea nakon ron.
Bola nakon ron.
Lapis nakon ra.



Gender Differentiation in Aklanon Words

Aklanon words usually have no sex differentiation. Here are some Aklanon words which you cannot distinguish whether the person being talked about is a male or a female: Imaw, Onga, Ana, Anda.

Put an abjective to make these words clear. Example: Onga nga baye o eaki.
For imaw (he/she), ana (his/her), and anda (they), use them after the person(s) being talked about.

Ana (his/Her)

Always put ana at the beginning of a sentence, otherwise you have to change it to nana.

Ana ron nga lamesa. That is his/her table.
Ana ron nga nobya. That is his/her girlfriend.

For a style, change ana to nana. But you have to put nana in the other part of the sentence. Example:

Lamesa nana ron.
Nobya nana ron.

Write two sentences each using ana and nana with the following words:

Baso (glass)
Tuba (coconut wine)
Imo (Your) Nimo (Your)

Imo and nimo can be used interchangeably without changing the meaning of the sentence.

Imo ra nga baeay?
Is this your house?
Baeay nimo ra?

Imo ron nga lapis?
Is that your pencil?
Lapis nimo ra?

Imo ron nga baboy?
Is that your pig?
Baboy nimo ra?

Baeay kuno nimo ra?
Is it true that this house is yours?
Ginbakae nimo ro sapatos?
Did you buy the shoes?
Ginhueog nimo rang sueat?
Did you drop my letter (at the post office)?

Change Imo to Nimo

Imo eon nga oras.
Imo ron nga lapis.
Imo nga ginbakae ro papel.

Ako (Me) and Ikaw (You)

Taga-Lezo ako.
I am from Lezo.
Ako si Melchor
I am Melchor.
Mayad eon ako.
I am well now.

Ikaw hay maaeam.
You are bright.
Nahadlok ikaw sa dueom?
Are you afraid of the dark?
Kon ikaw ro mapili nga mangin presidente, ano ring himuon?
If you were elected president, what will you do?

Artista imaw.
He/She is an artist.
Imaw ro hepe riya.
He is the chief here.
Kon imaw ro bag-ong pinuno riya, mahalin ako.
If he is the new chief here, I will leave.
Imaw ro nagtanum it mangga.
Kon imaw ro nag-arado, may anang hueay.

Kami (we, us), Kita ( We)

Kami ro tag-ana ku baeay.
We are the owners of the house.
Daehon mo kami sa Lezo.
Bring us to Lezo.
Daehon mo kami sa Lezo?
Will you bring us to Lezo?
Daehon kami ni Sir sa Kalibo.
Sir will bring us to Kalibo.
Kami ro kalibutan.
We are the world.

When it refers to you and me, use kita.

Kita baea ro masueat it binaeaybay?
Are we supposed to write the poem?
Daywa eon lang kita ro mapanaw.
Only the two of us who will go.

Kamo (You)

Kamo denotes second person, plural.

Kamo ro piluto ku inyong pangabuhi.
You are the pilot of your own life.
Mabuhay kamo tanan.
Long live to you all.
Kamo ro mabukas it puertahan.
You will open the gate.
Maghueam kamo it lapis.
You will borrow a pencil.

Translate the following into Aklanon
Sin-o kamo?
Ham-at mabuhay gid kamo mag-abot?
Kamo man lang gali.

Sanda (They)

Sanda ro mabasa it binaeaybay.
They will read the poem.
Bakean mo sanda it bugas.
Buy them rice.
Ginbakean sanda it sapatos.
They were bought shoes.
Kon gabii sanda maabot, maihapon eon lang kita.
If they arrive in the evening, we will just take our supper.
Kon sanda ro mapanaw, mayad ngani ron.
Sanda man baea ro maeaha?


Write three sentences using sanda.

1.
2.
3.
The Use of Hay

Hay is one of the unique features of Aklanon language. It seems that it is a corrupted word of Hi! of the Japanese because it is also used as a greeting.
Actually, Hay in Aklanon is used as a predicate or “news” in the sentence; it is sometimes used as the “is”; and when it is used in an interjection, it is translated into “ah” or “oh”.
Hay is also used in interogative sentence.

Examples:

Si Pedro hay owa katapus it pagtuon.
Pedro did not finish his studies.
Ro libro ngara hay imo.
This book is yours.
Hay, mabuot ka gali.
Oh, you are good.
Madueom eon, hay ano ring obrahon?
Now that it’s already dark, what will you do?
Hay, ano eon?
Oh, what now?
Hay, iya ka gali?
Oh, you are here?
Si Alfreo hay masadya.
Alfreo is happy.

Translate into English the following sentences.

1. Ro mata ni John hay maitum.
2. Ro abaga ni John hay maeapad.
3. Ro buhok ni Mary hay mahaba.
4. Kabay pa nga ro mga Aleman hay mag-amigo sa mga Intsik.
5. Rang Nanay hay maestra.

Interogative Sentences

In Aklanon, a declarative sentence can be turned into an interrogative sentence by just changing the period at the end of the sentence to a question mark, and by changing the tone of the voice of the speaker; provided however, that the sentence is simple and short.

Examples:

Baeay ko ra. This is my house.
Baeay ko ra? Is this my house?
Tan-awon ko rang email. I will check my email.
Tan-awon ko rang email? Will I check my email?
Masustansiya ro tinapay. The bread is nutritious.
Masustansiya ro tinapay? Is the bread nutritious?
Ginhaboy ko ron. I threw that.
Ginhaboy ko ron? Did I throw that?



Verb To Know

Present Tense

Kasayod ako-- I know
Kasayod ka-- You know
Kasayod imaw-- He/She knows
Kasayod kami-- We know
Kasayod kamo-- You know
Kasayod sanda--They know


Past Tense

Nakasayod ako-- I knew
Nakasayod ka-- You knew
Nakasayod imaw--He/She knew
Nakasayod kami--We knew
Nakasayod kamo--You knew
Nakasayod sanda--They knew


Future Tense

Makasayod ako--I will know
Or Masayran ko--I will know
Makasayod ka--You will know
Or Masayran mo--You will know
Makasayod imaw--He/She will know
Or Masayran na--He/She will know
Makasayod kami--We will know
Or Masayran namon--We will know
Makasayod kamo--You will know
Or Masayran ninyo--You will know
Makasayod sanda-- They know
Or Masayran nanda--they will know


Verb To Love

Present Tense

Gamahae ako I love
Gamahae ka You love
Gamahae imaw He/She loves
Gamahae kami We love
Gamahae ka You love
Gamahae sanda They love

Past Tense

Nagmahae ako I loved
Nagmahae ka You loved
Nagmahae imaw He/She loved
Nagmahae kami We loved
Nagmahae kamo You loved
Nagmahae sanda They loved

Future Tense

Magamahae ako I will love
Magamahae ka You will love
Magamahae imaw He/She will love
Magamahae kami We will love
Magamahae kamo You will love
Magamahae sanda They will love


Verb To Go

Present Tense

Gapanaw ako I go
Gapanaw ka You go
Gapanaw imaw He/She goes
Gapanaw kami We go
Gapanaw kamo You go
Gapanaw sanda They go



Past Tense

Nagpanaw ako I went
Nagpanaw ka You went
Nagpanaw imaw He/she went
Nagpanaw kami We went
Nagpanaw kamo You went
Nagpanaw sanda They went

Future Tense

Mapanaw ako I will go
Mapanaw ka You go
Mapanaw imaw He/She goes
Mapanaw kami We go
Mapanaw kamo You go
Mapanaw sanda They go


Try to Conjugate the Verb To Live

Present Tense
Gakabuhi ako I live



Past Tense





Future Tense




Comparison

Si Pedro hay mas mabahoe ku kay Juan.
Pedro is bigger than Juan.
Mas grapa si Chuchie ku kay Annie.
Chuchie is more beautiful than Annie.
Ro bato hay mas mabug-at ku sa papel.
A stone is heavier than the paper.
Ano ro mas mahaba, ro yarda o ro kilometro?
Which is longer, a yard or a kilometer?

Beautiful
gwapa mas gwapa pinakagwapa

Good
mayad mas mayad pinakamayad

Big
mabahoe mas mabahoe pinakamabahoe

Black
maitom mas maitom pinakamaitom

Blood
madugo mas madugo pinakamadugo

Bright

mahayag mas mahayag pinakamahayag

Clean
limpiyo mas limpiyo pinakalimpiyo

Dear
mahae mas mahae pinakamahae

Deep
madaeum mas madaeum pinakamadaeum

Easy
maeumo mas maeumo pinakamaeumo

Fast
madasig mas madasig pinakamadasig

Few
sangkiri mas sangkiri pinakasangkiri

Great
dunganon mas dunganon pinakadunganon

Heavy
mabug-at mas mabug-at pinakamabug-at

High
mataas mas mataas pinakamataas

Less
sangkiri mas sangkiri pinakasangkiri


Time

Ala una 1:00 o’clock
Alas dos 2:00o’clock
Alas tres 3:00 o’clock
Alas kwatro 4:00 o’clock
Alas singko 5:00 o’clock
Alas saes 6:00 o’clock
Alas siete 7:00 o’clock
Alas otso 8:00 o’clock
Alas nuybe 9:00 o’clock
Alas dyes 10:00 o’clock
Alas once 11:00 o’clock
Alas dose 12:00 o’clock
Adlaw Day
Aga-aga Dawn
Agahon Morning
Gabii Night
Hapon Afternoon
Hin-aga Tomorrow
Hinduna Later
Kada agahon Every morning
Kada gabii Every evening
Kada hapon Every afternoon
Kahapon Yesterday
Makaron Now or Right now
Sa masunod nga buean Next month
Sa masunod nga dominggo Next week
Sa masunod nga Dominggo Next Sunday
Sa masunod nga gabii Next evening
Sang adlaw One day
Sang dag-on One year
Sangka dominggo One week
Temprano Early
Truadlaw Noon
Tungang-adlaw Highnoon
Tungang-gabii Midnight
Ano ring obrahon hin-aga?
What will you do tomorrow?
Anong oras eon makaron?
What time is it now?
Anong oras ka maabut?
What time will you arrive?
Anong oras ka mahalin?
What time will you leave?
Anong oras ko ikaw makita?
What time will I see you?
Owa ago’t agtunan hin-aga.
I will not go anywhere tomorrow.
Translate the following into English
Kada Dominggo.
Kada dominggo.
Aga-aga kita mahalin.
Mabakae imaw it cake hindunang hapon.
Days of the Week
Lunes Monday
Martes Tuesday
Miryerkoles Wednesday
Huwebes Thursday
Biyernes Friday
Sabado Saturday
Dominggo Sunday

Months of the Year (Mga Buean)
Enero January
Pebrero February
Marso March
Abril April
Mayo May
Hunyo June
Hulyo July
Agosto August
Septyembre September
Oktobre October
Nobyembre November
Disyembre December

Paghuyap or Counting
Aklanons usually count in Spanish after number 10.

Aklanon English

Isaea 1
Daywa 2
Tatlo 3
Ap-at 4
Lima 5
An-om 6
Pito 7
Waeo 8
Siyam 9
Napoeo 10
Onse 11
Dose 12
Trese 13
Katursi 14
Kinse 15
Disesayes 16
Disesyete 17
Dise-otso 18
Disenuybe 19
Baynte or veinte 20
Traynta 30
Kwarinta 40
Singkwenta 50
Saysinta 60
Sitenta 70
Otsinta 80
Nobenta 90
Sanggatos 100
Kuarta (Money)
Sanglibong pisos 1,000 pesos
Limang gatos pisos 500 pesos
Daywang gatos pisos 200 pesos
Sanggatos pisos 100 pesos
Singkwenta pisos 50 pesos
Baynte pisos 20 pesos
Kinse pesos 15 pesos
Napueong pisos 10 pesos
Limang pisos 5 pesos
Daywang pisos 2 pesos
Pisos one peso
Salapi 50 centavos
Kahati 25 centavos
Pesetas 20 centavos
Sikapat 12.5 centavos
Dyes 10 centavos
Sikwaeo 6 centavos
Bakod 5 centavos
Sangkwarta 1 centavo
Mirabilis 1/2 centavo
Kwartilyo ¼ centavo

Pila or Tagpila is usually used when money is involved.
Pila ring kuarta? (How much money do you have?) Pueo.(Ten)
Tagpila ro plete sa jeep? (How much is the fare in the jeepney?)
Tag ap-at? (Four pesos each)
Tagpila ro gantang it bugas? (How much is a ganta of rice?)
Tag kwarenta y dos pisos. (Forty two pesos.)
Pilang bilog ring amigo? (How many friends do you have?)
Daywa rang amigo. Or simply say: Daywa. (I have two friends.)
Pilang bilog ro banwa sa Aklan? (How many towns does Aklan have?)
Disesiete. (17)




Personality

Gloria is as beautiful as Sharon Cuneta.
Si Gloria hay gwapa paris kay Sharon Cuneta.
A boastful person will not win.
Ro bugaeon nga tawo hay indi magdaug.

adventurous mapagpasimpaead
attentive mayad mamati
bad maeain
beautiful gwapa
boastful bugaeon
careful mahinaeugon
careless uyaya
clear- sound maeagting
cruel mapintas
depressed masubo
destructive mahalit
dull mango, bulldog
educated edukado
good mayad
handsome gwapo
helpful mabuligon
humble mapaumod
industrious mapisan
intelligent maaeam
kind mabuot
lazy tamad
proud bugaeon
quiet mahipos
rude bastos
slow makupad
spendthrift gastador; waldas
talkative paeahambae
thrifty kuripot
ugly maeaw-ay

Nature

adlaw sun
asaw-asaw shower
baeangaw rainbow
bagyo typhoon
baha flood
baybay shore
bituon star
bueaeakaw shooting star
buean moon
bukid mountain
bunok hard rain
busay spring
daeaora cloud
daeogdog thunder
eangit sky
eawod sea or ocean
eklipsi eclipse
eugta soil or earth
hueaw rain has stopped
kaeangitan heavens
kalibutan world
kilat lightning
hunas low tide
linog earthquake
linti lightning
sapa lake
silak sun ray
suba river
taub high tide
tig-sililak summer
tig-ueoean rainy season
uean rain


Common Birds in Aklan

agila eagle
alimukon wild pigeon
antiyamis native humming bird
antulihaw oriol
bukaw owl
maya sparrow
pikoy parrot
salampati dove
owak crow
tikwi hawk
tueabong heron


Fishing Gears in Aklan

dugmon fish shelter
eaya cast net
kitid gill net
linge lift net
pagawid longline
pahila troll line
pailig barricade
palakad push net
pamonit pole and line
panggay fish pot
panindaw craf left net
panyambo troll line
patunton handline
pukot gill net
saliwsiw drive-in-net
sayod drag net
sikpaw scoop
taksay drag seine
tigaanan pole and line

Fishery Resources in Aklan

aeugsok mudfish
alimango mud crab
alimasag blue crab
alumahan Indian macherel
apahap barramundi
banak mullet
bangos milkfish
bisugo bream
bolinaw anchovy
buroe jellyfish
dalagang bukid fusilier
dried slipmouth bakagan
galunggong roundscad
gurami gourami
hasa-hasa short macherel
kalampay shore crab
karpa carp
lapu-lapu grouper
matang baka big-eye scad
maya-maya red snapper
pantat catfish
pugita octopus
pusit squid
samarae/danggit rabbitfishes
sapsap slipmouth
sugpo giant tiger prawn
taeaba oyster
tahong green mussel
talakitok trevalley
tamban Indian sardines
tamilok a kind of edible worm in mangroves
tilapia Nile tilapia
tinapa smoked fish
trepang sea cucumber
tulingan tuna
ueang shrimp

Animals (Mga Sapat), not necessarily natives of Aklan

Aklanon English

agila eagle
alibangbang butterfly
amo monkey
anwang carabao
ayam dog
baboy pig
baka cow
bibi duck
eamang spider
eanggam rat
fish isda
guyom ant
ibis small fishes
isiw chick
kabayo horse
kanding goat
karnero deer
kuring cat
leon lion
manok chicken
itlog egg
isiw chick
talin young chicken
sumaeayhaw young cock
munga young hen
sueog maturing rooster
dumaeaga young hen
agak mature rooster
mus-an mother hen
maya maya
pabo turkey
pating dove
pikoy parrot
pispis bird
sawa snake
salimbabaga scorpion
sueog rooster
tigre tiger
surot bed bug
uwak crow


Pig/Beef (Note: Some of the terms here are inTagalog)

atay liver
baga lungs
baeay guya uterus
panit skin
bato kidney
costillas pork chops
dugo blood
empella omentum
kalamnan jowl
kasim picnic
lalaogan esophagus
eapay pancreas
liempo sa tiyan side back belly
lomo loin
pata foot hocks
pigi ham
puso heart
taba sa likod back fat
tadyang bacon spareribs
tastasin omentum
tito stomach of the pig
trepella small intestines uterus
ueo head
utok brain

Fruits
Aklanon English

abocado avocado
anonas anonas
atis sugar apple
balimbing starfruit
bayawas guava
bugnay Antidesma bunius
Linn.
daeanghita native orange
dayap lime
duhat black plum, Java
plum
durian durian
eangka Jackfruit
gaeang star fruit
guyabano soursop
iba cucumber tree
Indian Mango Indian mango
istroberi strawberry
kahil sweet orange
kamunsil Madras thorn fruit
kamyas bilimbi
kapaya pawpaw
kasoy cashew
lansones lanzon
makopa curacao apple
mangga mango
mangosten manggosteen
marakupa Curacao Aplle
marang marang
milon melon
pakwan watermelon
papaya papaya
pasyonaryo passion fruit
pinya pineapple
rambutan rambutan
rimas breadfruit
saging anana
sampaloc amarind
santol santol
simuyaw Philippine lemon
siniguelas spanish plum
star apple star apple
suwa pomelo

Vegetables

abitsuwelas snapbeans
bawang garlic
baeatong mongo bean
balinghoy cassava
bataw hyacinth beans
euy-a ginger
garbansos chickpeas
gutaw taro
hamtak yard-long bean/string beans
kalabasa squash
kamatis tomatoes
kamote sweet potato
kapaya papaya
katumbae sweet pepper
koliplawer cauliflower
kutikut chili pepper
malunggay horse radish
mani peanut
maraguso bitter melon
munggo mung beans
niyog (ubod) coconut
paayap cowpeas
patani lima beans
patatas potatoes
pepino cucumber
petsay Chinese cabbage
repolyo cabbage
sayote chayote
sibuyas bombay onion
sigarilyas goa or winged bean
singkamas yam bean
sitsaro sweet peas
taeong eggplant
tambo bamboo shoot
tawgi bean sweet
ubad edible inner part of
the banana trunk
ubi yam
upo bottle gourd

Spices

Aklanon English

batwan a fruit which is
sour
bawang garlic
euy-a ginger
organo oregano
paminta pepper
rekado black pepper
sibuyas onion
tangead lemon grass

Parts of Plants (Parti It Mga Tanum)

Aklanon English

bueak flower
buko node
buko-buko midreb
bunga fruit
busoe seed
dahon leaves
eukay young leaves of coconut
eumbay young leaves
panit skin or peeling
puno trunk
saha seedling
salingsing twigs
sanga branch
siit thorns
stamin stamin
sukoe bud
tuod stump
ubad edible inner part of a banana
ubod edible inner part of the a
coconut
ugat root
ugbos young leaves




Parts of the Human Body

Aklanon English

abaga shoulder
Adam’s Apple Adam’s Apple
alima hand
baba mouth
baga lung
bato-bato kidney
bibig lip
bikoe hip
bueobuko ankle (of foot)
buhok hair
bungot beard
butkon arm
dahi forehead
dapa-dapa palm (feet)
dila tongue
dueonggan ear
dugo blood
gilagid gum
hawak hips
ilong nose
inumoe fist
kalbo bald
kalimutaw eyeball
kilay eyebrow
kuku nail
likod back
liog neck
mata eye
ngipon teeth
paa high
paead palm (hand)
pusod navel
siki foot
siko elbow
susu breast
tangkugo nape
tilaok throat
tinae intestine
tiyan stomach
tudlo finger
kumaeagko thumb
inogturo index finger
hintuturo index finger
eumabaw middle finger
kumaiyaw ring finger
silingsingan ring finger
kumaingking little finger
siping extra finger
tue-an bone
tuhod knee
uban white hair
ueo head
ugat nerve
uyahon face



Nationalities

Tagasiin ring nobya? (From where is your girlfriend?)
Taga-Englatera? (She is from England.)
Ikaw taga-siin? (From where are you?) (Informal)
Taga-siin ka? (From where are you? (formal)
Taga-Lezo ako. (I’m from Lezo.)
Siin ginpatay si Flor? (Where was Flor executed?)
Sa Singapore. (In Singapore.)

Aklanon English

Aleman German
Amerikano American
Englis English
Koreyano Korean
Intsik Chinese
Singaporyan Singaporean


Professionals

Aklanon English

abugado Lawyer
betenaryo Veterinarian
doktor Doctor
driver Driver
empleyado/Empleyada Employee
enhenyero Engineer
estudyante Student
kemist Chemist
librarian Librarian
maestra Teacher
manogkanta Singer
manogsayaw Dancer
mars Nurse


Things

Aklanon English

bag Bag
bolpen Ball pen
bos Bus
dyip Jeep
eroplano Airplane
trisikad Bicycle with sidecar
trisikol Motorbike with
sidecar
taksi Taxi
batil Sailboat
baesa Raft
trak Truck
karosa Two-wheeled cart
pulled by carabao
or cow
karomata Horse-drawn two-
wheeled cart
kape Coffee
kompyuter Computer
lamesa Table
lapis Pencil
libro Book
lingkuran Chair
notbok Notebook
pisara Blackboard
tsok Chalk
telebisyon Television
telepono Telephone
tinta Ink
Members of the Family
Aklanon English
bilas wife or husband of spouse’s brother or sister
gumangkon niece
kamagueangan eldest child
kamanghuran youngest child
lola gandmother
lolo grandfather
magbayaw brothers-in-law
mag-igkampod cousins
magueang nga baye elder sister
magueang nga eaki elder brother
nanay mother
ninang godmother
ninong godfather
onga child
onga nga baye daughter
onga nga eaki son
tatay father
tiya aunt
tiyo uncle

Size/Distance
Aklanon English

abo many
dagaya many
dangaw handsbreadth (about
8 inches long)
dupa armsbreadth
kilometro kilometer
kueang short (lacking)
mabahoe big
maeapad wide
maeapit near
maeayo far
mahaba long
maisot small
makitid short (width)
manubo short (height)
mataas tall
sangkiri few
pye foot
yarda yard

Common Household Things
Aklanon English

balde bucket
banga jar
eusong mortar
euwag ladle
haeo pestle
kabu kabu
kaeaaw big plate
kueon earthen pot
kutsara spoon
kutsilyo knife
nigo winnow
pinggan plate
sanduko bolo
tadyaw earthen jar
tinidor fork

Jewelry (Alahas)

Aklanon English

aritos erring
kulintas necklace
punseras bracelet
relo watch
singsing ring

Colors (Kolor)
Aklanon English

abu-abuhon grey
asul blue
bayoleta violet
berde green
itum black
kaki brown
orange orange
pink pink
puea red
puti white
yellow yellow

Parts of the House

atop roof
banyo bathroom
bintana window
bubungan inside area of roof
dingding wall
duyan cradle
haboe blanket
kabkab fan
kasilyas comfort room
kumidor dining room
kusina kitchen
kwarto bed room
lamesa table
lingkuran chairs
mahaea pillow
moskitero mosquito net
puwertahan door
saeog floor
sala sala
sapatos shoes
tsinelas slippers

Cooking Materials

apog lime
arina flour
asin salt
asukal white sugar
bugas uncooked rice
dayok shrimp paste
eana coconut oil
eanggaw vinegar
ginamos fish paste
humay cooked rice
kaeamay red sugar
mantika cooking oil
mantika lard
paminta pepper
pinulbos nga katumbae powdered hot pepper
pinulbos nga tinapay crumbed bread
sibuyas onion
vetsin monosodium glutamate

Taste (Lasa)


aeat salty
apeod acrid
aslom sour
haeang hot or spicy
pait bitter
tam-is sweet



Antonyms
Words Antonyms

abanti atras
amo/agaeon sueoguon/ulipon
amon aton
antigo mango
antos pakaeumo
apurado mahinay
atag dimot
atraka atras
atras abanti
baeo-baeo bikwaeon
balighot hubad
basiyo puno
basuk-ay himos
bata magueang
batak tonton
bida kontrabida
bikwaeon sampaton
bilidhon lilikawan
bintaha depikto/disbintaha
bira sulong
bolimbod badbad
bugaeon mahipus
bug-os haghit
bugtaw tueog
buhi kataeaka
buhi patay
buhi patay
buhin dugang
bulig baeabag
bunak mamaea
bungkag tukod/bilog
dakpon buhian
eangit eugta
eantong eagdas
eukso eumpat
europ butwa
gaasaw-asaw gabunok
gahibayag gakurisom
gubat isoe
haeos bugana
importante witi-witi
itom puti
kaakig malinong
kalihim sektaryo
kinatu-katu bag-o
maaeam mango
maanod pasuba
maatipanon mapabaya
mabudlay maeumo
mabukod maniwang
mabuot salbahi/maisog
maeueoy-on gasang
magaeom masilak
magdampig magbalibad
magsugot balibaran
magsumpay magbueag
mainit maeamig; mabahaw
maisog mataeaw
maisot mabahoe
makot paeong
malipayon masinob-uhon
manaba mataas; matayog
manggad baeayran
manipis madamoe
mapino magaspang
mapintas mahigugmaon
masilak magae-om
mataeom dangae
mataeum dangae
matamad mahugod
matambok maniwang
matimgas upa
matin-aw maeubog
mayad maeain
mulido baraghae
normal abnormal
paaeam pahisayod
paeahambae mahipos
paeanta masigin
pag-abot pagpanaw
palso matuod
parukyano suki
pas-ay euneun
pul kapit
pulis loko
puro pulos
sangag hipos
sangkae tahaw
sawad sibo
sigo katae
silakan handong
sirado abri
sueod guwa
tatay nanay
tempradno ulihi
tingadlaw tinguean; tig-ueuean
tisod himaya
tukad tugbong
tunaw bilog
ueo siki
usisaon pabay-e

Synonyms

abae sarang
abaeong gabi
abaniko kabkab
abunado alkansi
aeas ahas
aeat asin
aeokait tokiba it itlog
aga temprano
agda kangay
alimpupudwan alipueos
alkalde mayor
almasin fabrika
alpot puta/pampam
amag agup-up
amag tabug
ambi saeuso
amigo migo
amis eagas
amor gugma/higugma
atabay hueat/angan-angan
balatan banggirahan
barat koripot/dimot
barbero manogbueog
barubae baraghae
basag pusa
basil pusil
basiyo owat sueod
batas antos
batid baid
batiri baterya
batiya dueang
bato eapog
bayolit lila/bioleta
baga ueag
biga-on katlan/ueapon
biki lamparonis
bilang matsa
bilanggo priso
bili haega/presyo
bilibid munting-lupa
bilisad-on silinghanon/
hueubaton
binabaye bakla
binata soltero
ligwis mataliwis
lilong puril
limas bughat
maabtik balikawot
maagahon pagkaaga
puta alpot
sigbin amamaeo
silot pena
siyak singgit
sunaid komparar
sundot tuslok
sungkod baston
tama husto
tambaling sampae
tamsik asik
tingadlaw tigsililak

Idiomatic Expressions

Agihis Effiminate
Ano gid So What? What if?
Ayam-ayam Spy
Baho it saeong Odor of resin (meaning or referring to a lack of relationship to other people)
Bakwayan Tall and skinny
Basi bumagyo It might storm; the glass might break (said when one sings off-tune)
Basta ikaw, ona dayon If it’s you, immediately I will be there
Birona lang It’s ok; Forget it; Never mind
Birona lang Never mind
Bitin Left hanging; To break a promise; Leave stranded
Buea To talk with pride
Bulid A small child with bloated stomach
Buruha or bruha Person always scolding; crank
Buto-buto Bootlicker
Dapaean A buffer
Dyingol To urinate
Hueog To fail in school
Hungag Loose
Kabay pa Hopefully
Kagat To fall for, get taken by
Kat isaea that one (used in pointing or illustrating)
Kato anay Once upon a time
Kilatis Pedigree
Kodigo Cheat
Kon amat Sometimes
Kon mahimo If possible
Kon sa bagay Well, anyway
Kon sarang If possible; please
Kon sin-o Big shot
Kueang-kueang Crazy
Mahumok ra ilong Gullible
Makilas Indecent woman
May bulto Has worth
May idad eon imaw He is old enough
Mirisi Good for you
Mukeat To realize
Ningas kugon Refers to the habit of starting out strong but then giving up without finishing
Owa’t bale Never mind
Owa’t data Useless, good for nothing
Owa’t kalibutan Dull or Innocent
Pabadlis To get ashes (on Ash Wednesday)
Padat-oe To give up
Paeamig To cool off
Pahilay-hilay To rest a while
Pahimino Have smooth sailing on a long journey
Pakunoe To not pay attention
Palihog Please
Pataktak it bukbuk Open house;
House -warning
Rimotkontrol Far removed from civilization
Sa akong isip In my way of thinking
Sadya it tindog Well-poised
Sagap Gathered information
Sagmok To complain
Sagudsod To dance ungracefully
Sari-sari General store
Siga Someone who shines
Sige na “Oh, come on”
Talikod To turn one’s back on
Ugabhang Empty-headed
Utok it bolinaw Dull

Mahumok ra ilong ni Juan
Juan is gullible.
Si Fred hay ingko agihis.
Fred is like a gay.
Indi ko gusto ko nga amigo hay bakwayan
I do not like a friend who is tall and skinny.
Birona lang, magtuon man ron sa ulih.
Never mind, later on he will also study.
Bitin ro sine.
The film was left hanging.
May bulid baea sa plasa?
There is a child with a bloated stomach in the plaza?

Common Conversations and Expressions

A mere theory
Sangka teoriya man lang ron.
Sangka pagbakibaki man lang ron.
Are you still OK?
Mayad ka pa gihapon?
As much as possible
Kon pwede eang.
As usual.
Sa gihapon.
Base on my analysis
Suno sa pag-usisa ko.
Base on my observation
Suno sa obserbasyon ko.
Base on my studies
Suno sa mga pagtuon ko.
Be careful
Pag-andam
Be careful.
Maghaeong.
Be quiet!
Hipos! Ayaw’t sangag!
Can I?
Pwede ako?
Can you?
Pwede ka?
Chilled to the bone
Gakurog hasta sa tuean. Kilig to the bone.
Debt of gratitude.
Utang buut.
Don’t be mad at me.
Ayaw’t akig kakon.
Don’t do it anymore.
Ayaw eon pag-obraha’t oman.
Don’t make any noise.
Hipos. Ayaw’t sangag.
Don’t mistake me.
Indi mo ako pag
Don’t pass!
Ayaw’t agi!
Go to sleep!
Matueog ka eon! Tueog eon!
Good afternoon.
Mayad nga hapon.
Good evening.
Mayad nga gabi-i.
Good for nothing.
Owa’t pueos.
Good morning.
Mayad nga agahon.
Goodbye.
Adyos.
Happy birthday.
Malipayon nga Kaadlawan
Happy New Year.
Malipayon nga Bag-ong Dag-on
Happy Valentine.
Malipayon nga Kaadlawan it tagipusoon.
He didn’t mind.
Owa imaw magtamod kakon.
Ginbalewala nana ako.
Ginpabay-an nana ako.
He is a good mixer.
Maamiguhon imaw. Kenkoy.
He is not know.
Buko’t kilaea.
He was caught red handed.
Nadakpan gid sa akto.
He was liquidated.
Sinalbeyds imaw. Pinatay imaw.
Hello!
Kamusta!
Henceforth.
Halin makaron.
How are you now?
Kamusta ka eon?
How dangerous!
Kahaeadlukan!
How do you say it in Aklanon?
Paalin mo ron ihambae sa Akeanon?
How fearful!
Kahaeadlukan!
I’m still alive.
Buhi pa ako gihapon.
I do not know how to do it.
Indi ako kasayod mag-obra karon
I don’t like it.
Owa ako naila.
I don't know.
Owa ako kasayod.
I feel much better.
Mayad eon rang pamatyag.
I have nothing to object against.
Owa ako’t reklamo.
I know how to do it.
Hasayran ko kon paano himuon
I like it.
Naila-an ko.
I love you.
Ginahigugmo ko ikaw.
I said to myself.
Ginsugiran ko rang eawas.
I was misunderstood.
Owa ako maintinhihan.
Owa ako mahangpan.
Owa ako hisabti.
I will overlook what he did.
Indi ko pagtaw-an it oras ra gin-obra kakon. Pasinsiyahon ko imaw.
If I have my way.
Kon ako eang.
In the nick of time.
Husto eang.
It came to my mind.
Sa panan-aw ko.
It makes no odds.
Owa kaso. Pareho eang.
It’s OK! It’s OK!
Owa’t problema! Owa’t problema!
Just a moment.
Dali eang.
Keep calm! Keep calm!
Kalma ka eang! Kalma ka eang!
Keep quiet.
Ayaw’t sangag!
Last but not the least.
Ulihi pero buko’t pinakamaubo.
Lip wisdom.
Mabueakeakon nga hambae.
Make no mistake.
Indi magkasaea.
Man with a past.
Tawo nga may istorya.
Maybe.
Basi.
Mental exercise.
Paunat-unat it painu-inu.
Merry Christmas.
Malipayon nga Paskua
Miasma.
Mabahong ginhawa.
Bad breath.
Mind your own business.
Ayaw’t pagmitiri ro iba.
Modus operandi.
Paagi ron. Pahito ron.
Much that I wish.
Bisan gustohon ko man.
Needless to say.
wa’t kinahangean nga imitlang pa.
Neither one of us.
Owa gid katon.
Never mind!
Pabay-I!
Next to impossible.
Butang nga haeos indi mahimo.
No trespassing!
Bawae ro mag-agi! Ayaw’t agi!
No.
Indi.
Not at all.
Owa it ano man.
Of course.
Syempre.
Okay.
Areglado.
Omen to death.
Maeain nga balita.
Ouch!
Aguy!; Aray!
Outstanding debts.
Mga baeayran.
Petty cash.
Sinsilyo.
Physical exercise.
Paunat-unat it eawas.
Plain people.
Ordinaryong tawo.
Please, keep quiet!
Palihog, hipos!
Kon pwede, hipos!
Kon sarang, hipos!
Post no bill.
Indi magpaskil.
Proceed.
Padayon!; Sigi!
Quit your fooling.
Tapuson mo eon ring kalukohan.
Raging fire.
Gaugwad ro kaeayo.
Rains cats and dogs.
Gabunok nga uean.
Rareripe.
Ahat nga pagkaeuto.
Really?
Matuod?
Safe and sound.
Eowas ag mabaskug
Sanppy eyes.
Masiplatong mata.
Say it!
Ihambae mo! Isugid mo!
Scoot!
Eayas!, Panaw!
Scram!
Pahawa!
Shame on you!
Mahuya ka!
Sit still!
Paglingkod!
Slack season.
Panahon nga owa’t obra.
Spice of life.
Rikado’t pangabuhi.
Sponge bath.
Punas-punas.
Thank you.
Saeamat.
Thank you very much.
Abo gid nga saeamat (kimo).
The more your study, the more you learn.
Sa dugang mo nga pagtuon, gaabo ring masayran.
The odds are against you.
Ginadimalas.
There is no room for doubt.
Owa’t kadudaduda.
This book is a bestseller.
Rayang libro hay madahug.
Till then.
Hasta sa oman.
Until we meet again.
Hasta sa oman naton nga pagkilita
Walk on the air.
Magtikang sa hangin.
Watch out.
Pagbantay
What a shame!
Kahueoya!
What a waste!
Kanugon!
What does it profit?
Ano ring mabuoe karon?
Why is the night dark?
Ham-at madeuom ro gabii?
Yes.
Huo.
You are lucky.
Ginadiboynas ka.



Try to Translate the following Aklanon Proverbs
Bisan patay ro eawas,
Basta buhi ro bantog.
Bisan patay si eawas,
Basta buhi si dungog.
Bisan ro batong bantili
Kon perming ginatueo-an
Gina nasnasan.
Bisan ro halimunon
May dueonggan.
Bisan ro tudlo’t alima
Owa gatueoeopong.
Bisan sa atong isigkatawo
Ro limbong atong likawan.
Bisan sangkiri ro tinun-an
Kon sangkad man sa aeam.
Buko’t matam-is ro kalipay
Kon buko’t bunga ko matuod nga kabudlay.
Buko’t tanan nga gaeom gadaea’t uean.
Buko’t tanan nga gaidlap
Bueawan.
Buko’t tanan nga mag-asawa
Hay paris.
Buko’t tanan nga matin-aw
Hay malimpyo.
Buko’t tanan nga may giring
Hay kwarta.Ro kamatuuran hay ind tikang malisod.
Ro purilon owa ginapatihi
Maski gasugid it matuod.
Ro putli nga gugma
Owa ginatubuan it uban.
Ro putyukan nga may dugos sa baba
Hay may tunok sa ikog.
Ro rason ginabulag it gugma.
Ro relo paris it kabuhi it tawo,
Owa gapaeareho ro andang oras.
Ro sab-a indi magbunga it morado.
Ro saea ro gamut it kalisdanan.

Aklanon Repeated Words

ama--father
ama-ama—step father

amat—to do something
amat-amat—to prepare to go

anting—keen, good, sharp of hearing
anting-anting—amulet

ayam—dog
ayam-ayam—toy dog; spy; to spy on

baboy—pig
baboy-baboy—a kind of insect

baeos—revenge
baeos-baeos—to alternate

baho—smell
baho-baho—a kind of flower that has a bad smell

baka—cow
baka-baka—a kind of weed; to work very hard

balik—to return
balik-balik—to frequent

manok—chicken
manok-manokon—a person with a poor sight
Review

Translate the following sentences into English
Aklanon English
Siin ro simbahan?
Sin-o ring Nanay?
Ano ring obra?
Hin-uno ka mauli?
Paano mo ra ginaobra?
Paano mo ron ginaobra?
Pila ring kuwarta?
Pila kon bak-eon ra?
Pila kon bak-eon ron?
Mahae mo baea ako?
Hay, ano eon ro natabu?
Puea baea ro ubas?
Ro pantat hay sa suba makit-an.
Siin mabakae ro ampaw?



Match the Aklanon words at Column A with the English equivalent at Column B. Write the correct Aklanon equivalent words at the Answers Column

Aklanon English Equivalent Answers

Column A----Column B -----------Answer
Example:
 bugas------------House-------------uncooked rice

Baeay----------- Dried leaves------
Alibangbang---- Teeth-------------
Manok-- --------Beautiful---------
Ilong-- ----------Street-------------
Ngipon-- --------Cooked rice-----
Gwapa----------- Uncooked rice--
Karsada-- -------Vegetables-------
Humay-- ---------Fish--------------
Bugas-- ----------House------------
Tinuea----------- Chicken----------
Isda-- -------------Nose-------------
Eamay-- ----------Butterfly--------
Uyas-- ------------Grains-----------


Translate into Aklanon the English words in bold.

1. The house near the river. ______________
2. Why is the night dark? ________________
3. The sugar is sweet. ___________________
4. The pen is mightier than the sword.____________
5. Mother’s word is hard to bend. _______________
6. The voice of the people is the voice of God. ___________
7. From the battlefield, Mother hugs her daughter’s casket. _________
8. Late afternoon, Flor went home in a box._____________
9. At Edsa, a child offers Sampaguita to the soldiers.______________
10. Finally, Father says the final word._______________

Answers: 1. Suba 2. Gabii 3. Kaeamay 4. Espada 5. Hawod 6. Boses 7. Kabaong 8. Hapon 9. Onga 10. Katap-usan


Translate the following sentences into Aklanon

1. Where do you live?
2. How much is this?
3. What time is it now?
4. Where is the airport?
5. Can you help me find the way to the market?
6. I have a problem. Can you help me?
7. Where I can I buy eggs?
8. How much is the fare from Kalibo to Lezo?
9. Where can I rent a motorbike?
10. My name is Pedro.

Answers:
1. Siin ka gaistar?
2. Tagpila ra?
3. Anong oras eon?
4. Siin ro airport?
5. Pwede mo maturo kon siin ro paagto sa tindahan?
6. May problema ako. Pwede mo ako mabuligan?
7. Siin ako makabakae it mga itlog?
8. Tagpila ro pamasahe halin sa Kalibo hasta sa Lezo?
9. Siin ako marenta it motorsiklo?
10. Rang ngaean hay Pedro.



Mga Binaeaybay

ni

Melchor F. Cichon
Mga Haiku

katueondon--
ro asul nga kahayag
gaagi eampas sa kalibutan


tungang gab-i--
ro eaking unga gapakalimos
sa baybayon it Boracay


katueondon--
si Flor nag-uli halin sa Singapore
sa sueod it kahon


paghueaw it bunok--
ro kaeangitan hay na trap
sa amon nga tueoeogan


halin sa patag-awayan…
ginhagos ni Nanay
ro kabaong ni Manang

Pushing The Night

You see him around
In tattered clothes, barefooted
Pushing his crooked cart
For an honest living
In a blind city.

He lights his kerosene lamp to push the night
In his see-through home.
But the wind keeps on blowing it out.
Like his cart
He keeps on pushing the night
To know the common dawn.












Mga Luwa
This is part of my luwa collection.

Luwa 5

Hipos anay, hipos anay
Ay ro mga kandidata nagamartsa.
Andang besti nagasidlak, nagasiga
Bangud ro andang anwang ginpanumba.

Luwa 6

Kon sa baboy ag sa anwang
Ro pinakapresko nga paligusan
Bukot suok, bukot suba
Kundi eogan-eogan.

Luwa 7

Sa atop it eangit
May antulihaw nga nagsinggit:
May ayam nga gapang-it
It asawa nga natuslok it siit.

Luwa 8

Nagabueak, nagabueak
Ro mga jeepney sa highway.
Kon magtumbling eon ron ngani
Ro Milo ag ro kape nagalibre.


Luwa 9

Ro itlog sa Bataan
Gahabok ra dughan.
Kon rayang itlog bumuswang
Magaligid gid kita tanan.

Luwa 10

Sa tingoy-tingoy it santoe
May antiyamis nga nagapangihoe:
Pag-agi ni Lolo Empoy
Nagrap sa anang ingkoy.



Banwang Haeangdon

Ni
Jose Palma
Gin-Inakeanon ni
Melchor F. Cichon
Lezo, Aklan
November 11, 2003


Banwang haeangdon
Onga’t Adlaw nga Oriente.
Sa imong dughan
Ro kaeayo gadabdab.

Banwa it gugma
Duyan it baganihan.
Ro mga sumaeakay
Indi makaeapak.

Sa asul nga eangit, sa agahon
Sa bukid, sa eawod
Ring binaeaybay gasiga,
Sa mahae nga kahilwayan.

Ro kasiga king bandera
Gatao’t pwersa sa kadaeag-an.
Maski hin-uno ring bituon, ring adlaw
Owa’t pagkapaeong.

Eugta’t kalipayan, eugta it pagmahae
Sa imong sabak himaya ro pangabuhi.
Gloria para kamon nga maghaead it dugo
Kon kimo may magsipaea.

****

The following are some Aklanon words that have the same last syllables. This is more useful to the poets.


March 11, 2012



All rights reserved.





Introduction

I sometimes find difficulty in composing Aklanon poem, especially the luwa because this needs rhymes.
To solve this, I compiled Aklanon words that have rhymes.
The words here are arranged by the last two or three letters of the word.
This is just an initial work.
To get the meaning of the words, please consult any of these dictionaries : A Study of the Aklanon dialect, vol. 2: Dictionary by Vicente Salas Reyes et al., 1969
De la Cruz, Roman A. five-Language Dictionary (panya): english, tagalong, Hiligaynon, Kinaray-a, Aklanon. Kalibo, Aklan: Rock Publishing. 919p.

Thanks to Libtong and Toryo for their contributions.



For Sean Marie A. Cichon



AB

ab-ab
eanab
akab
angkab
atab
dabdab
dagabdab
eabaab
eabeab
euad
gaeab
gus-ab
huy-ab
gaatab
gapanghuy-ab
gutab
hangeab
hilab
hueab
huy-ab
huyab-huyab
inangkab
kabkab
kayab
mahilab
nagadabdab
nagpanghuy-ab
panghuy-ab
sabsab
silab
sueab
sungab
sunggab
tabtab
takab
yabyab


AD

abilidad
akad
alibadbad
alimukad
amueadbuead
anad
babad
baeabad
bak-ad
balibad
baliskad
batad
bayad
binadbad
buebaliskad
buskad
eagadlad
eapad
euad
eugad
eumad
eumogad
eumopad
eupad
eusgad
euskad
euspad
gayad
haead
hagad
halintuead
hanandad
huwad
ilantad
iwad-iwad
kadkad
kapasidad
katuead
kinaayad
kusipad
lapad
liad
liad
liadliad
likyad
likyad-likyad
limad
lingkad
lumiad
maayad-ayad
maeapad
manggad
mayad
muad
mukead
naanad
nagaeupad
nagahaead
nagamaeayad
nagamaeayad
nagamayad
nagamayad
nagbalibad
nagbalibad
nagbueokead
nagbuskad
nag-eupad
naghaead
nagmayad
nagmayad-ayad
nasamad
padpad
paead
panaad
pangaguhad
pinaead
pitad
propidad
pugad
responsibilidad
reyalidad
sabad
sadsad
sagad
sagadsad
salimbad
samad
samad-samad
sandad sangkad
sapad
sawad
sigad
sikad
sikad-sikad
sungad
syudad
tad-tad
tamad
tang-ead
tilad-tilad
tinamad
tinangpad
tingkayad
tuead
tuead-tuead
tumangpad
tumuead
tupad
tuwad
ubad
ughad
ugwad
ukad
umwad


AE

baae-baae
baebae
baghae
bahae
bakae
bangae
bangkae
bantae
barubae
bawae
binaebae
binakae
binawae
binggae
binunae
bugae
bukae
bumakae
bunae (palo)
bunae (pamalo)
buntae
busae
daedae
dampae
dangae
dangkae
dapae n. slice, cut
dapae adj. having short legs
dasae v. talk nonsense
daskae adj. mischievous
datae v. to reach, to touch, arrive at
diwae
easkae adj. mischievous
ginapaepae
hagae n. playboy
habae
hamangae
hambae
hangae n. joke
hangae v. to joke with, trick
hilinambae
hirae
hueohambae
kaekae
kahambae
kamaea-maea
kamahae
kamahae-mahae
kanae
kasae
katae
katumbae
kiwae
kotihae
maemae adj. pretentious, proud
mahae
ngathae v.to be/feel frustrated
pabahae
paepae
patakae
pinaepae
pakasae
patakae v. to have a sow serviced
sampae
sapae
sihambae v.to interrupt one another
sugae
supae
takae n boar
wakae

AG

bihag
damhag
daphag
kay-ag
tan-ag
tangag
tanyag
tawag
tumag

AK

aeak
agak
amak
anak
bakbak
damak
dambak
dimak
dinamak
eagpak
eupak
hampak
hapak
hawak
humbak
ilwak
ilwak-ilwak
linupak
palakpak
sapak
sipak
supak
tinaktak
uwak

AM
ayam
inyam
kulam
kuyam
suam

AN

kahimtangan
kagueangan
maangan-angan
pasayan
sandigan
suman

ANG

bueang
subeang
usgang

AT

amat
amat-amat
bilat
bug-at
eaeat
kilat
sabat



BA

aba
baba
guba
kahaba
kahaba-haba
natumba
rumba
sab-a
suba
taeaba
tuba
tumba

Bi

bibi
gabi
hibi
tubi


AG

anyag
atag
baeabag
bae-ag
baeangag
baebag
baeukag
bagbag
bahag
bakag
balibag
balingag
banag
banag-banag
bangag
bansag
basag
batyag
bihag
binun-ag
bitlag
bukag
bulag
bun-ag
bungkag
bunyag
butyag
buyagyag
daedag
daphag
datag
dayag
dilag
duag
eab-hag
eangkag
eayag
eusag
euwag
euwag
ginabatyag
ginbatyag
ginpaathag
gintawag
hangag
hawag
hayag
hibayag
hipag
hueag
Ibanag
ilatag
inawhag
iniswag
ipaathag
ipabutyag
iswag
iwag
kaanyag
kaeag
kahayag
kasag
kasangag
kay-ag
koliwag
latag
libag
linabag
Madalag
maathag
mahueag
nabaehag
nabagbag
nabueag
nabulag
nadaphag
nagabatyag
nagabueag
nagaeapnag
nagahayag
nagahilibayag
nagahueag
nagakasangag
nagakinasangngag
nagapabunyag
nagapaeayag
nagatumag
nagbahag
nagbatyag
nagbueoeag
nagbueonlag
nagbunlag
nag-eapnag
nag-eayag
naghayag
naghibayag
naghilibayag
naghueag
nagkaeasangngag
nagkasangag
nagkinasangag
nagpadaag
nagsinangag
nagtumag
nagwasaag
nagwas-ag
nahamueag
nakabatyag
nakakabatyag
ngagngag
paarag
padayag
pagbueag
pagpaathag
pagsilag
pahayag
pahibayag
panghueag
papag
pasingag
patag
payag
payag-payag
sangag
silag
sinanlag
suwag
tabag
tag
tagohayag
talibag
tangag
tawag
tinangag
tinawag
tinlag
tubeag
tumag
tumalibag
tumanag
tumawag
tumomag
umuswag
undag
uswag
was-ag
wigwag
wigwag


Ak

agak
arak
asak
baak
baeanak
bagsak
bakbak
barak
barlak
batak
binusdak
bueak
bug-ak
bumaksak
bumueak
bunak
bus-ak
busdak
butlak
dagpak
dahak-dahak
damak
dapak
dimak
dueugwak
dusak v. sundot
dyak
eagpak
eagsak
eapak
eubak
eubak-eubak
eupak
gabarlak
gambak
ginaeapak
ginbatak
ginbus-ak
ginbusdak
hagak
hampak
hapak
hapilak
hilak
ilwak
ipilak
isak
kahilak
klak
kodak
kutak-kutak
mahilak
nabagsag
nabakbak
nabunak
nagbueak
nagbus-ak
nagbutlak
nagpaeapak
nagpinanghak
nagsib-ak
na-ilwak
napae-ak
napihak
napilak
napilak
napueak
pae-ak
paeakpak
pakpak
pal-ak
panghak
pihak
pilak
pinihak
pisak
pueak
Pugak
pumusdak
pumuswak
pusdak
puswak
saksak
sapak
sib-ak
sidlak
siglak-siglak
sinaksak
sipak
subak
tabanak
tamsak
tapak
tigbak
trak
tumapak
tumoak
umilwak
uwak
wakwak

Al
bakal
rosal
yakal



AM

aeam
ayam
dram
dyam
inyam
kamkam
kulam
kuyam-kuyam
mananam
namnam
nanam
pahueam
pampam
siyam
yamyam


An

abunohan
adtunan
aeagbayan
aeagyan
aean
aeanghilan
aeayagan
agindan
agubayan
agtunan
aguman
alipanwan
alipuan
alipupudwan
amihan
amligan
amutan
aeamutan
angan-angan
angoean
antigohan
arkilahan
arisgahan
ariyahan
asukaran
atipanan
atobadngan
atopan
atrasan
aywan
atubadngan
atubangan
balibaran
banigan
bueos-akan
bueotangan
buy-unan
daeagan
dueopingan
dumaeagan
humayan
huyapan
huypan
kabakeanan
kabantugan
kaarungan
kamaeayan
kanipaan
kapinangan
kapispisan
katueoktueokan (My translation of horizon; Tagalog: abot-tanaw)
kuwan
man
oman
suman
sumsuman
tambasakan
talikuran
timbangan
tubaan
tubian
tinuman
tuman


AS

Pag-uli ko sa Pinas
May daea ako nga punsiras
Pag-agi ko sa eanas
Nasab-it, natastas—Maeara

May ayam ako nga mangtas
Ginpaligid ko sa baeas
May nagguwa nga perlas
Ginregalo ko kay Tomas—Maeara

aeawas
agnas
alahas
angkas
apas
armas
atras
awas
bagtas
bangkas
baras
baras-baras
barbas
batas
bawas
baw-as
bayawas
bias
binias
binawas
bugas
bukeas
bumawas
dahas-dahas
dalin-as
dampilas
dueas
dumpilas
dyas
eagas
eagdas
eakas
eampas
eanas
eangkawas
eantas
eapas
easeas
easgas
eat-as
eawas
einapas
eugas
eukas
eumagas
euwas
gaeas
gahunas
gas
gatas
gawas
gikas
ginagnas
gin-angkas
gineinagas
haras-haras
hilawas
hinugas
hinolibyas
hubas
hueas
hugas
hukas
humaw-as
humugas
humunas
hunas
ilahas
impas
inangkas
inapas
kanbas
kapayas
kasilyas
katumbas
kawas
kayamas
Kulas
kueas
linagas
linangas
linaras
lumigdas
maabas
maeangas
maeapas
magaeas
makahas
makilas
malas
manggas
mangtas
mas
mataas
mataeas
matigas
matubas
matugas
medias
naagnas
Nabas
nadalin-as
naeasgas
naeuwas
nag-atras
nag-eukas
naghueas
naghugas
naghunas
nagmedyas
nagnas
nagpatas
nagtaas
nagtabas
nagtakas
nag-ugtas
nagwas-was
nahukas
napanas
natastas
nautas
oras
oyas
paeas
pailabas
pamarbas
pamunas
panas
papas
pasas
paspas
patas
patatas
perlas
pina-angkas
pinaapas
pinaatras
pina-awas
pinaeas
Pinas
pitsas
puas
pulgas
pulsiras
pumaeas
punas
puyas
rehas
sibuyas
sigidas
soliras
taas
tabas
taeas
taeastas
tagbas
tageawas
takas
takeas
talibas
talingyas
tapas
tastas
tawas
tea-as
tigas
tigbas
tig-eawas
tihiras
tikas
tinabas
tinakeas
tinangkas
tinastas
tinawas
tinigbas
tinigbas
tinpas
tubas
tudas
tugas
tumaas
tumabas
tumakas
tumalibas
tumangkas
tumapas
tumaspas
tumawas
tumbas
tupas (pangpang)
tupas (sapal)
ue-atras
ugtas
umampas
umangkas
umapas
umatras
umawas
umimpas
umukas
utas
uyas
was-was
yasyas


AT

aeat
amat
amat-amat n dahan-dahan, unti-unti
ap-at
ayat v. hamon
banat
bangat
bangkat
batbat
bilat
buakatkat v. magsuri, sumuri, suriin
bug-at
buhat adj. bigat
dangat
dapat
dawat
eambat
eangat-eangat
eapat
euat
eukat
eumpat
ginahueat
ginasueat
ginsukat
gubat
gulat
habagat
habughat
hakwat
halipat
hasabat
hathat
hawat-hawat
hilipat
hinakwat
hinathat
hueat
ingat
kadhat
kaeat
kaghat
kahat
kalawat
kaliwat
karat
kat
kawhat
kidlat
kihat
kilat
kindat
kogmat
kolibat
kumilat
kunat
kurinat
lambat
libat
lipat
mabug-at
makunat
mueat
mukeat
nabangat
nagasakdat
nagaueat
nag-eumpat
nagmukeat
nag-ueoeat
nahalipat
nasueat
natnat
ngatngat
paeagpat
palibat
pantat
pasiplat
patpat
piklat
sabat
saeabat
saeamat
sakdat
sang-at
sapat
satsat
sayasat
sibat
sikat
sikwat
sinueat
sinukat
sipeat v.pasikat ng araw
sueat
sukat
sumoeat
ueat
ugat
untat

Aw

May eaki sa Malinao
Nakakita it bahaw-bahaw
Binuno na it bangkaw
Pag-eaom na hay kataw.
Maeara Feb 3, 2009


abaw
asaw-asaw
baeanaw
baeangaw
baearaw
bahaw
bahaw-bahaw
balitaw
bang-aw
bangkaw
banhaw
banlaw
barabaw
bataw
baraw-baraw
baw
bayaw n. bayaw
bayaw v, itaas
biaw
binang-aw
bingaw
bolinaw
bugtaw
bueaw
bugaw
bugtaw
bukaw
bumahaw
buyayaw
dagyaw
dangaw
dapaw
dayaw
duaw
dueaw
dungaw
dumuaw
eabaw
eabnaw
eabugaw
eaeaw
eagnaw
eakaw
eaktaw
eangaw
eantaw
easaw
eugaw
eumabaw
eumapaw
eumotaw
eunaw
eutaw
euyaw
gewgaw
gimaw
ginadayaw
ginbugtaw
haeaw
halimaw
hidlaw
hikaw
hilaw
hiraw
hueaw
ibabaw
ihaw
ikaw
imaw
imbaw
inadlaw
ingaw
inihaw
kaeaeaw
kakaw
kataw
kawkaw
kinutaw
kumaiyaw
kuspaw
kutaw
kutaw-kutaw
lagaw
lasaw
lawlaw
ligaw
limingaw
linangaw
linaw
lingaw
litaw
litgaw
mabahaw
magpaeanakaw
magpalibanaw
mahikaw
makahilidlaw
makamimingaw
makaueohaw
makutaw
malingaw
mamingaw
manakaw
manggaw n. black cat
mantaw
matin-aw
milaw to care for, be concerned about
mingaw
miningaw
nabanhaw
nabaw
naeangaw
nagaasaw-asaw
nagaimaw
nagakuspaw
nagakutaw
nagapaasaw-asaw
nagapaeapaw
nagapalibanaw
nagapamanlaw
nag-asaw-asaw
nagataeaeangkaw
nagatan-aw
nagbugtaw
nag-eutaw
naghueaw
nag-ilimaw
nag-imaw
nag-imaw
nagkutaw
nagnabaw
nagtaeaean-aw
nagtaeaeangkaw
nagtan-aw
nahidlaw
nahikaw
namingaw
natag-uhaw
nauhaw
ngaw-ngaw
ngiyaw
paban-aw
paeabaw
paeutaw
pagkabanhaw
paibabaw
pakaw
pakaw
pakyaw
palibanaw
pamahaw
pamakyaw
pamantaw
pamingkaw
pangaeaw
panganinaw
pangaw
pangeuyaw
panlibanaw
pantaw n. batalan
pantaw v. kita, tanw
papamahaw
paraw
pigaw
pingkaw
piraw-piraw
pueaw
punaw
pus-aw
sabaw
sampaw
sanaaw
sawsaw
sayaw
silaw
siyaw
tadyaw
taeangkaw
taeaw
takaw
tambaw
tamoylaw
tampapaw
tamuylaw
tamyaw
tanangaw
tan-aw
tawtaw
tinakaw
tin-aw
tumakaw
tuman-aw
tunaw
tungaw
turoadlaw
udturoadlaw
uhaw
umpaw
upaw
wawaw


Ay

abay
adudueay
agay
agbay
anay
aragay
away
ayaay
baeay
bagay
bahay
balisay
bangkay
bantay
baranggay
bay
baybay
bitay
Bombay
Boracay
bueay
bugay
bugnay
bugsay
buhay
bukay
bumaeay
bunsay
Buray
busay
Camay
Daday
dighay
dung-eay
eaay
eabay
eab-ay
eabugay
eagay
eagay-eagay
eagkay
eahay
eahugay
eamay
eamhay
eanay
eanghay
eaway
eaw-ay
eomahay
eubay
eugay
eugpay
eukay
eumay
eungay
eunsay
eusgay
eutay
gaaway
gabay
gadagaay
gaeamay
gaeay
gahapay
gamay
gapasungay
gasakay
gaway
gaway-gaway
gina-away
ginaeahay
ginaeahay
ginahaeay
ginahaeugay
ginahinueay
ginamueay
ginapakumpay
ginapaypay
ginasabeay
ginasikway
ginasuway
gina-untay
ginawasay
ginbitay
gineabugay
gin-eumay
ginhaeay
ginhaeay
ginhaeugay
ginhueay
ginhueay
ginkaykay
ginpahapay
ginpangabay
ginsabeay
ginsapnay
ginsikway
gintunggay
gintunggay
ginwagayway
ginwasay
haeay
haeugay
hapay
hapay-hapay
hay
hayahay
hayhay
hikay
hilay
hilway
hinay
hinay-hinay
hinugay
hueay
humapay
humay
hupay
husay
Ibajay
ikamatay
inanay
inaway
Inday
inuntay
isaway
istambay
Januiway
kabay
kabudlay
kabuhay
kadusay
kaeamatay
kaeamay
kaeaw-ay
kalaykay
kalipay
kanaw-ay
kanaway n. the North wind
kangay
kangay-kangay
katay
katuray
kaway
kaykay
kilay
kinalipay
kinangay
kisay
kisay-kisay
kumisay-kisay
kumpay
kunay
lagway
lamay
laygay
liay
lihay
lipay
liray
lukay n. coconut palm leaves
Lukay n. palm Sunday
lumiray
mabuhay
maeaay
maeaymay adj almost dry
maeutay
magbuhay
magpahuway
mahusay
makipag-away
malipay
malunggay
mamamatay
mamatay
manaksay
man-ay exp. Come here`
maninay
mapugday
mapungay
matibay
may
minueay
monay
mueay
nabitay
naeaay
naeabugay
naeusgay
nagabantay
nag-abay
nagaeahay
nagaeahay
nagaeanay
nagaeanay
nagaeanay
naga-eanay
nag-aeaway
nagaeaw-ay
nag-agbay
nagahapay
nagakapugnay
nagapaeahuway
nagapahuway
nagapaiway
nagapakamatay
nagapamatay
nagapanghayhay
nagapanghubaybay
nagasakay
nagasakay
nagasandiay
naga-untay
nagbahay
nagbantay
nagbinantay
nagbuhay
nagdalisay
nag-eahay
nag-eanay
nag-eanay
nag-eatay
nag-eaway
nag-eukay
nag-eutay
naggaway
naghayhay
naghinay-hinay
naghueay
nag-inanay
nag-istambay
nagkaeamatay
nagkaykay
nagkinalipay
nagkinalipay
nagkisay-kisay
naglaygay
nagpabitay
nagpaeahuway
nagpaeaiway
nagpakamatay
nagpakamatay
nagpakumpay
nagpamueay
nagpanampuay
nagpangabay
nagpanghayhay
nagpapaypay
nagpasikway
nagpauntay
nagsakay
nagsakay
nagsandiay
nagtanday
nagtulay
nagtunggay
nag-ubay
nag-ueontay
nag-uhay
nag-uhay
nagwagayway
nagway-anay
nahilway
nakahapay
nalipay
nanaday
nanay
napugnay
nasabeay
nawasay
paeahikay
paea-untay
paeay
pahusay
pahuway
pakamatay v. to commit suicide
pamanday
pamatay
pamaypay
pamaypay
panampuay
Panay
panday
pangabay
pangabudlay
pangalipay
panghayhay
panhay
panumbaeay
patay
patay-patay
paypay
pinaeay
pinahaeugay
pinamatay
pinanday
pinasabeay
pinasakay
pinatay
pinitsay
pinugnay
pitsay
pugnay
pumatay
pungay
putay
sabeay
saeakay
sakay
sakbay
sanday
sandiay
sangay
sapay
sapnay
saway
saysay
sigay
sikway
sinabeay
sinaeakay
sinakay
sinakbay
sinamay
sinasakay
sinay
sinikway
sinungay
sueay
sugkay
sumaeakay
sumakay
sumakbay
sumikway
sumuway
sungay
suway
tagabantay
tamay
tambay
tanday
taytay
tibay
tulay
tumanday
tunggay
tuway
ubay
ueay
uhay
umabay
umagbay
umuntay
untay
uway
wagayway
wasay
winasay
yaw-anay
yuyaw-anay


BA

eaba-eaba
eaba
taeaba
uba
umaba

BI

bibi
gabi
tubi


BO

bibo
linibo
sibo
tubo

DA

biyuda
borda
doda
moda
sultada

DI

bandi
bun-i
indi

DO

abugado
abukado
aburido
apdo
arisgado
atribido
bandehado
bando
barumbado
bistado
dejado
diligado
delikado
desidedo
diskustado
dudo
edukado
gisado
grado
ihado
kandado
merkado
mundo
nagahikdo
naghikdo
okupado
pasado
pasmado
rekado
sigurado
tarantado
tudo

EA

baea
baekaea
bakaea
basoea
bawaea
bisaea
buea
bumoea
daea
dapea
duea
dumaea
ea-ea
haea
hinaea
inuea
isaea
isaea n one
isaea pa idm besides
isasaea v. to be alone
kada isaea idm. each one
kaduea
kaea
kaea-kaea
kaguea
kakaea-kaea
kakilaea
kamaea
kamoea
kat isaea idm. that one
kilaea
kuea
manogpakilaea
nagkaeaduea
pabuea
padaea
padaea-daea
paea (erase)
paea (insect)
paeahaea
pakilaea
puea
saea
tagpadaea
tupea
uea v. to pour out
waea


EAB

eabeab
Eaeab
eanab
gaeab
hangeab
hueab
pahangeab
panghoyeab
sueab
sunggab


EAD

buead
bukead
katuead
tuead


EAG

bueag
daeag
madaeag
nagbueoeag
naghueag
nahamueag
pagbueag
panghueag
saeag
tubeag

EAK

bueak
pueak

EAN

Akean
baeakean
bakean
binuean
buean
bukean
daean

EANG

bueang
dueang
eaeang
haeang

EAS

baeas
bukeas
dapeas
dueas
easeas
gaeas
haeas
kaeas
kaeas-kaeas
magaeas
mataeas
naghueas
paeas
pinaeas
pumaeas
takeas
tinakeas


EAT

aeat
baeat
himueat
maaeat

EAW

baeaw
dueaw
eaeaw
haeaw

EAY

adudueay
bueay
bumaeay
daeay
gaeay
ginahaeay
ginahinueay
ginamueay
ginasabeay
ginhaeay
ginhaeay
ginhueay
ginhueay
ginsabeay
haeay
maeaay
minueay
mueay
naghueay
nagpamueay
nasabeay
panimaeay
panumbaeay
pinasabeay
sinabeay

EO

haeo
sikwaeo

EOG
dueog
eogaeog
eongaeog
haeog
nagaeogaeog
tueog


EOK

daeok
gaeok
haeok
hageok


EOM

aeom
daeom
dueom
gaeom
idaeom
kadaeom
kadueom
madaeom
madueom

EON/eun

baeakeon
bakeon
bikwaeon
bugaeon
dueon
euneun
habeon

EONG

eaeong
dueong
dukeong
haeong
mahaeong


EOS

alipueos
baeos
bangeos
dangkueos
dapeos
haeos
kaeos
kamaeos
pabueos

EOT

bag-eot
dueot
kameot


GA

Ro anaga-taga
Humapon sa daga
May manok nga dumaeaga
Tuk-on nana kunta
*****Maeara, May 14, 2008

abaga
anaga-taga n. praying mantis
angga
baga
banga
bangga
daga
duga
dumaeaga
haeuga
hin-aga
linaga
maga
paangga-angga
palangga
puga


GO

dunggo
bunggo
sunggo


HA

baha
kagha

HI


arisgahi
baylehi
bayluhi
benditahi
bordahi
bosinahi
kobrahi
pulsohi
walihi


HO

piho
espejo
pandiho
pariho


I


May ginbunot ako nga gabi
May nagsunod nga ubi
Gin-eaha ko nga eangkuga ku ulihi.
---Maeara, December 31, 2007

aligi n. aligi
ambi v. pahingi, akina
ani v. ani
aritosi v. hikawan
ataki v. atake, sumpong
ati n. ati
ati intrrj. Kadiri, nakadidiri
atipani v. sumubaybay, iasikaso
atopi v. mag-atip
atrasi v. umatras,paatras, umatras, iurong, umurong
aturgahi v. pangatawanan, maglakas-loob
aywani v. iwanan, ihabilin, iwan, hayaan
aywi v. iwanan, iwan
bakanti adj. bakante
bakbaki v. bugbugin, paluin, balatan, bakbakin
bakei v. ibili
bakili adj. matarik
baki-baki v. pagtimbang-timbangin
bakli v. nabali, bali
bakuku n. bakukang
bahi adj. kuripot
baliki v. balikan
bandi n.panutsa
bangi adj. di-pareho. Magkaiba
banlawi v. banlawan, anlawan
bantayi v. bantayan, abangan
barahi v. barahan
basahi v. basahan
basagi v. basagin
basi adj. baka
bati v. dinig
bati v. bati, naramdaman
bato-balani v. bato-balani, magneto
bawaei v. bawalan
bawasi v. bawasan
bawi v. bawi
bayari v. magbayad, bayaran
baylehi v. isayaw
bayri v. ibayad, bayaran
bayluhi v. palitan
bibi n.itik
bibi adj. gilid
biktori n. biktori
bigki n. gilig
bigoti n, bigote
bili n, presyo, halaga
bilini v. ipagbilin, pakiusapan
binhi n. binhi
bisi adj, bisi
bisti n. damit
buboi v. buhusan, tagayan
bosinahi v. businahan
bordahi v, burdahan
boti n. bote
botiti n. botete
bugawi v. bugawin, paspasan
bugnai v, biyayaan
buhi adj.,v. buhay, kawala, bitaw, bitiw
buhi v. bitawan, pakawalan
buhoi v. butasan
buli n. puwit
bulig n. tutulungan
bun-agi v. bilaran
bungi n. adj, bungi, bingot
bun-I n. buni
buniti v. bingwitin
bunyagi v. diligan, binyagan
bus-aki v. sibakan
bosbosi v. butasan, butasin
busisi v. busisi
mabusisi adj. mabusisi
buslahi v. komprontahin, harapin
buti n. popcorn, poprice
gabi
hibi
kabi
kabii
mananggiti n. magtutuba
mandari v. uyusan, iatas, atasan
nagakabi
subli
suli
tabi
tubi
ubi
ulihi

IB

eanib
eungib
sungib


IG

Ro tubi nga maeamig
Nga sa kanae naga-ilig
May niyog nga sang-bulig
Nga naga-eunip-eunip.---Maeara

akig
aamamanhig
banig
bibig
bulig (fruit)
bulig (tulong)
dasig
digdig
dilig
eamig
eawig
eupig
gabulig
gailig
gasalig
hanig
hapnig
ihig
ilig
kaakig
kabig
kabulig
kadasig
kaeamig
kaeamig-eamig
kahig
kamalig
katig
kibig
madasig
maeamig
maeamig-eamig
magsalig
mansig
naakig
nagakatig
nagapaeamig
nagasalig
nagasandig
nagpaeamig
nagsalig
nagsandig
paeamig
pangeamig
piepig
pilpig
pinasalig
saeawig
salig
sandig
sangag
siyagit
siyag-it
tabig
tigidig
tingig
tinipig
tipig
walig


IK

abtik
asik
baeantik
baeatik
bagsik
bagtik
balik
bikwik
bunsiwik
dikdik
eagatik
eagtik
ginwisik
hutik
hutik-hutik
insik
itik
itik-tik
latik
litik
maabtik
nagapangwaslik
nagpangwaslik
nagwaslik
paeaitik
palik
palitik
paltik
pamitik
panalisik
panitik
patik
pilik-pilik
pinatik
siksik
tapik
taplik
tiktik
tilik
tinapik
toksik
tumapik
tumilik
tusik
usik
walastik
walik
warik
wasik
waslik
wilik
wisik

IL

bangkil
bansil
basil
batil
kamunsil
kantil
pusil
sutil
tonsil

ING

Airing
gunting
huring-huring
kanding
kunding
kuring
milagring n. whore, prostitute
Pesing
Roming
Rosing
tabing
taksing
tambling

IP
eunip
isip
kaisip
sipsip
usip


IS

agagangis
agihis
antiyamis
apustolis
atis
badlis
bagtis
balikis
balisbis
bangis
barilis
batiis
bigkis
bisis
buhis
daplis
despwis
dispwis
dulis
dungis
dunis
eakwis
ealis
embis
entonsis
haligis
himbis
hinis
ibis
ilis
imbis
intrimis
kabangis
kalis
kamatis
kapis
kilis
kinalis
kinilis
kiskis
krisis
kudlis
kulis
kulitis
kuntis
kuris
lalis
lapis
ligis
mais
makangis
manipis
mataeawis
mataliwis
matam-is
matris
nag-ieilis
nag-ilis
naligis
ohalis
opis
padaplis
pakis
pak-is
palosapis (Anisoptera thurifera)
panipis
paralysis
patis
pispis
polis
praktis
pungis
rilis
tabilis
tagkis
tambis
tam-is
tangis
tapis
tigis
tinaliwis
tinangis
tiwis
ugis
ungis
upis
yam-is
yatis


IT

anghit
binit
bitbit
bunit
dagit
dalit
eagpit
eangit
eapit
halit
hapit
himpit
hinabit
hinakit
igit
init
ipit
kabit
kablit
kawit
kaw-it
kimpit
kumpit
kuyapnit
maanghit.
madagit
magpanampit
mainit
mainit-init
manumit
mapait
mapilit
masingit
nagakabit
nagkabit
namit
paeapit
paknit
panit
papait
posit
sab-it
sakit
sampit
sangpit
singgit
singit
sumingit
sungkit

KA

baka
buka
bumuka
paka
puka
suka vomit
suka to dig
sungka
tuka

KI

ataki
baki
bakuki
biki
buki
bus-aki
dasoki
hadloki
kiki
paki
peki
puki
seki
suki
tugaki
tuki
KU

tiku
liku


LA

pala
bala
bantala
kandila
kapsola
karitela
dala
dila
eskuyla
inasla
asla
makailila
manubila
nag-arkila
arkila
pamila
pila
pumila
nagapila
parola
putla
rigla
timpla


LI

bakili
bakli
bili
bili-bili
buli
dali
dali-dali
magwali
makawilili
suli
tuli
wali


LO

bakulo
baylo
buslo
Cebu
haslo
hilo
kilo-kilo
Lolo
nagkaeabuslo
pilo
puslo
saylo
simbolo
tatlo


LI

bali
bili
sili
suli

MA

alima
diploma
gugma
horma
kama
mama
pluma
Sigma



Mo

amo
eamo
mo
imo
promo

Mon

amon
eumon
gumon
kumon
mamon
salmon
timon

Na

rayna
hinduna
huna-huna
kusina

Nga

Banga
bunga
punga
sanga
tunga


NGI

bangi
sungi

NI

agtoni
ani
asini
aywani
baeoni
bato-balani
batoni
bendisyoni
bilini
buhini
bun-i
gin-ani
pueoni

NO

ano
horno
hortilano n. gardiner
kwaderno
lamano
mauno
temprano
terno


O

ko
ako
buko-buko
luko-luko
magtuo
relo de oro
tuko
tuo


OB/UB

eubeub
kueob
sukob
tuob

OD/UD

baeod
bakod
bawod
bihod
binhod
birtud
budbod
bueabod
eabod
eawod
eudgod
eueod
euhod
hawod
hud-hud
kudkud
kukod
kutod
likod
linghod
lingkod
mabinhod
malinghod
Quicod
sabod (broadcast seed or feed)
sabod (entwin)
sueod
taeudtod
takod
talikod
tibod
tikeod
tubod
tueod
tuhod
watod



OE

Inihaw nga baeoe
Ro suea it mga imoe
Pasaeamat sanda,
Kun may kaibaha'ng buroe--Miles
amamakoe
angoe
baeoe
bagtoe
bahoe
bakoe
basoe
bat-oe
bintoe
bukoe
bungkoe
buroe
danoe
dapoe
dat-oe
duhoe
dukoe
dumpoe
duoe
haboe
habuoe
hagnoe
hampoe
hinuesoe
imoe
isoe
kabahoe
katoe
kiboe
kundoe
kuoe
kutoe
mabahoe
nagahimueboe
nagapupanihoe
pabahoe
padapoe
padat-oe
paisoe
pakuoe-kuoe
panihoe
pioe
pighoe
pukoe
santoe
sapoe
sikoe
sukoe n. bud
sukoe v. to accept a challenge
tamboe

OG/UG

ro ikog
ku tiki nga busog
nahuslog
sa puno it katilog—Maeara

asog
atyog
bahog
bakog
baliog
banog
bantog
baog
baskog
bilaog
bilog
binaskog
bin-uylog
bubog
bueog
bue-og
bugbog
bulangog
bungog
buog
busog
bus-og
buylog
buy-og
buyog (bubot)
buyog (liyo)
daehog
dahog
damog
danlog
danog
daog
daog
daog-daog
dapog lutuan
dapog punlaan
dayok
dinis-og
dis-og
duehog
dugdug
dumog
dungog
duyog
eabitog
eamog
eanog
eaog
eapog
eayog
einapog
einasog
eupog
gatindog
ginadaog-daog
ginakurog
ginapatindog
ginpatindog
habakog
habog
hadanlog
haeog
hamog
ham-og
hanog
hikatueog
hikog
hinueog
hueog
huslog
huylog
huyog
ibog
ikog
ilog
inisdog
ipanaog
isdog
isog
itlog
kaaeundog
kabaskog
kabog
kaeog
kaisog
kaisog-isog
kakusog
kakusog-kusog
kalog
katalog
katilog
katueog
kayog
kinaeog
kuekog
kurog
kusog
kuyog
libunog
limog
linilog
linog
liog
luminog
mabaskog
maeahog
magbueoylog
magkaeabusog
magkalimog
magkatueog
magpatindog
maisog
makalilibog
makusog
manogdaog
matimsog
mogmog
nabusog
naduyog
nagabaskog
nagailog
nagakatueog
nagakueurog
nag-angot
nagapadaogdaog
nagapaeangurog
nagapatindog
nagatindog
nagbaskog
nagbuylog
nageugaeog
nag-ilog
naglimog
nagpadaog
nagpaeangurog
nagpaog-daog
nagtieiyog
nagtindog
nagtiniyog
nagtiniyog-tiyog
nag-utog
nahueog
naibog
nanaog
niyog
obue-og
onagdaog
padaog-daog
padungog
pahog
pahueog
paibog-ibog
pailog
palibunog
palimugmog
panaog
pangayog
panglimugmog
patikasog
patnog
pauslog
pinuepog
puepog
saeog
sambilog
saog
saueog
simbog
sinunlog
sueog
sunlog
sunog
supog
tabhog
tabog
Tagalog
takdog
tambubuyog
tanog
tibyog
timsog
tinagaeog
tindog
tinueog
tinue-og
tinuhog
tiskog
tiyog
tiyog-tiyog
tueagatog
tueog
tue-og
tuetog
tuhog
tumakdog
tumindog
tumiyog
tiyog
tumohog
tumueog
tumue-og
tunog
tun-og
tusmog
tuwarog
ubog
ueog
ue-og
ueog-ueog
uhog
umog
umutog
untog
usog
utog
uylog
walog
walog-walog
yugyog


Ok


aeabok
aeapok
alipaeok
alismok
amok
anok (owa pa maanok(i) ro tinug-on).
antuok (ra hugom).
apok
baghok
bagtok
baylok
bayuok
binokbok
bokbok
bueok
buhok
bulok
bunok
bu-ok
daeok-dok
daguok(ro tiyan)
dampilok
dayok
dayukduk
dinasok
dok-dok
dum-ok
dungok
duok
dupilok
eab-ok
eagatok
eag-ok
eagpok
eagtok
eap-ok n. pigsa
eapok
eob-ok
eugmok
eumopok
eunok (sa tinug-on)
eunok (tree)
euok
eupok
eusok
eutok
gabok
galihok, galihok-lihok
gam-ok
gilok
ginasampok
gintoktok
gi-ok
gubok
gulitok
gumok
gusok
gutok
habok
habok
hadlok
haeok
hamu-ok
hapokpok
hatok-hatok
hawok
huk-hok ( paspas ag binaboy nga batasan sa pagkaon).
hueagok
huk-huk ( klasing eangaw-eangaw nga naga yabun ag naga dapu
humabok
humaeok
humok
ibok
ibok-ibok
ibyok
idasok
inapok
ingok
intok
inumok
kabulok
kadum-ok
kaeagtok
kagilok
kagutok
kahabok
kahadlok
kahumok
kalihuk
kanamok
kapisok
kapiyok
kapok
kapusok
lihok
lihok-lihok
limbok
magabok
magilok
magutok
mahumok
maintok
manamok
mangkok
manok
mapusok
matambok
matapok
matunok
matub-ok
muok
muslok
nabulok
nadupilok
naeob-ok
nagabunok
nag-aeaeapok
nagapanggutok
nagbunok
nagdungok
nag-eunok
naggi-ok
naggutok
naghaeaeabok
naghaeok
naglimbok
nagtabok
nagtumpok
nahadlok
nalook (sa Ibajay)
namok
nasuksok
natunok
natuslok
nunok
oeok-oeok (sa kaumogon ro suksok: eambong, karsonsilyo, panty,
ogdok (isda)
ombok (pis-pis)
onlok
onlok-onlok
paeagtok
paeamaeok
paeupok
pamisok
panghok ( kapihak it panghak)
pantok
pasok
patok
payok
pilok
pinayok
pinokpok
pintok
pisok
piyok
pokpok
pook
sa bakukang
saepok
sagmok
samok
sampalok
sampok
sarok
sinampok
sinampok
sinuksok
subok (say boto ng mangga)
sueok
suksok
sumaepok
sumaepok
supok
tabok
taea-ok
tagdok
tagok
tambok
tamilok
tampok
tamsok
tapok (pinilak, pinaanod sa suba o eawod)
tapok (ro kaeat, sapnay,eatay)
tibok
tigok
tilaok
tinabok
tinampok
tinueok
tinuktok
tinumok
tinum-ok
tinumpok
tinuslok
tunok
tub-ok
tueok
tuhok
tuktok
tukturuok
tumabok
tumbok
tumimbuok
tumbok
tumok
tum-ok
tumoktok
tumo-ok
tumpok
tumueok
tunok
tuslok
ueok-ueok
ueok-ueok (it hinibayag).
ueo-ok
ugdok (patindog)
ugok
umbok
umok
umok-umok (ro humay bago itimu)
umurok
urok
utok
yantok

Om/um

Dagom
Dahom-dahom
dueom
dumdum
eumeum
gae-om
gahom
haom
handom
hugom
hukom
inum
kadlom
Makagagahom
May-om v. to speculate, estimate, suppose
om-om
padom-dahom
pahaom

ON

baeon
bairon
bakeon
bangon
bangunon
basueon
baton n. baton
baton v. tanggap
batunon
batutahon
batyagon
bawaeon
bawason
bawion
baybayon
bendisyon
bibiron
bigaon
bihagon
biktimahon
bikwaeon
bilasyon
bilidhon
bilisad-on
bilisitahon
bilitayon
binaeon
bingkiton
birahon
bisitahon
bitayon
bitbiton
bitoson
bituon
bueagon
bukaron
bukbokon
bukeason
bukidnon
dueon
eahon
kadueon n. neigbhor
kaon
kaumangon
mainuswagon
pamus-on
pantaloon
pasulion
pus-on
sip-on
sip-unon
tipon
tipunon
tueon
tuon

ONG

Bingkong
dueong
dugong
duhong
dukeong
eusong
gahim-ong
hilong
him-ong
ilong
kabaong
kueong
nag-usbong
pusong
silong
tangkong
tibong
tib-ong
usbong

OP/up

dakop
dungop
hakop
sakop
sikop
supsup
takop
tueop

OR

aparador
bapor
bolador
kuprador
lebentador
pabor
tinedor
tukador

OS
ambos
bastos
bitos
busabos
dugos
eagbos
eagdos
eampos
eaos
eumos
gastos
ginamos
guramos
hapeos
hilam-os
himos
hipos
ibos
ingos
kabos
kampos
kampos
kamuros
kayos
krus
kubos
kueabos
kueamos
kupos
manguros
minupos
Moros
nabdos
naeumos
nagakaeumos
nagapang-ugbos
opos
pesos
pueos
pulbos
sentimos
tabungos
tipos
ubos
ubos
ugbos
uyapos

OT
abot
angot
aninipot
ayuktot adj. yukod
baeot-baeot v.salit-salit; uliy-ulitin; inuulit-ulit
bageot v. kinaret
balighot v.buhol
balikutot adj.baluktot
bayuyot adj bayong
binuot v. tianago
binuot v. tinanggap
bukot
buktot
bungot n. bigote, balbas
bunot n. bunot
buot v. tago
buot v. tanggap
burot
buslot n. butas
buyot
daginot v. inot-inot
dagunot n. pambunot
dameot v. dilaan, himod
dilot v. himod, dilaan
dimot adj maramot, kuripot
dueot n. handog, alay
dueot n. talab
dukot n. dikit, tutong
dukot v. nagnakaw, mandukot
dumueot v, tumalab
duot adj. dait, daiti, diit
dutdot v, itgit, idiit,idaiti
eagot adj. lutong
eagot-eagot adj. nagngangalit
eaknot n. kasama
eakot n. isama, isali, isahog
eambot v. umabot, dumating, hanggan
eapot adj lapot
eapuyot adj. malapot
eubot v. kaintindi, butas, watas
euggot v. gilit
eukot adj. ilubog, ibaon
eukot n. kulobot
gabot n,v butas
gabot v. hila, haltak, bunot
ginabut v, binunot, hinugot, binutas
ginsutsot v. sinksik
haabot v. inabot
haeabot v. kasali, kasangkot
hagpot
hakibot
halibot v. naikot, nlibot
hiabot v. maabot, marating
higot n. tali, italic, pantali
hilot n. hilot
hilubot v. nagkaintindihan, pagkaintindii
hinugot v. hinigpitan
hinugot v. hinugot, binunot
hotuhot v. magsumikap, pagsisikap
hugot adj. higpit, impit
hugot v. hila, hugot, bunot
humot n. bango
hupot v. tanggap, tago, kimkim, kuyom
ibot v. inggit, nananghili
igot n. langitngit, kuyukot
ihigot v. itali , ibuhol
inot v. pagtitipid
ipot
isot adj. liit, muntik
itot v. hindot
kaeot
kaisot adj. pagkamaliit; maliit
kaisot-isot. Adj. pagkaliit-liit
kauyakot v. tinutukan, pagtiyagaan, tuunan
kayunos
kibot
kipot
koeapot v. nagdikitan
korinot n. kulubot
kukot
kulitot adj. kulot
kumogbot n. nagulantang
kumot n. .balabal
kusnot
kusot v, kusot
kutkot v. hukay
kuyot-kuyot v. pinagpunit-punit
libut v. gumala, ikot, umikot, ligid
libut-libot v. nag-iikot, naggagala
linghot adj. mabulok, salimuot
lingot v. longon, lingat
maeueot adj. matalik, malapit
Magbubuot n. Diyos, Maykapal, Panginoon
mainot adj. matipid, maimpok
maintok adj. maliit, maliliit, munti
maisot adj. maliit, maliliit, munti
makipot
manoghilot n. manghihilot
mas-ot v. tampo, sumama, nagdaramdam
mikot
munot
muot
nadueot v. nagbigay, nag-alay, nagdulot
nagaabot
nagabalikutot
nag-abot v. dumating, dumatal, sumapit
nagahikot v. nagluluto
nagakaeot v. kumakamot, nagkakamot
nagakasugot
nagakilinusnot
nagakilinusnot v. naghaharutan
nagakinagubot v. nagkakagulo
nagakutkot v.naghuhukay
nagalibot v. nakapaikot, nakapaligid
nagamunot v. sumama, bumubuntot
nag-angot v. humabol
nagapakabuot
nagasaot v. sumasayaw,umiindak
nagasinaot v. sumasayaw, nagsasayaw
nagasugot v, pumapayag, sumasang-ayon
nagbueoeuyot
nagbueoktot
nagdueoeukot v. nagkadikit-dikit, nagdikitan
nag-eaot v. lumala, naggrabe
naghikot v. nagluto, nagsalang
nagkaeasugot
nagkilinusnot
nagkinagubot
naglinibot
nagmueunot v. nagsipagsamahan, nagsipagbuntutan
nagmunot
nagmunot v. sumama, bumuntot
nagsaot
nagsinaot
nagsugot
nagsukot
nagwangot
nagwangot v. sumimangot
nakadueot v. nakadulot, nakapagbigay
nakaeambot v. nakarating, umabot, dumating
nakaeangbot v. nakarating, umabot, dumating
nakasugot
naugot-ugot v. naiinis, inis-na-inis
ngutngut v. kumikirot
nut-not
pabukot v. talukbong
paeangbot v. paraing
paeanghuot adj. nagsisikipan, masikip, aninikip
paeubot-eubot v. nagpaparinig
pahanugot v. kasunduan, napag-usapan
pakot
pakot n. butones
panghugot v. nagpakamatay, nagpatiwakal
pangot v. kagat
panhugot v. pagpatiwakal, pagkamatay
paungot v. nagdididikit, nagkakakabit
pueot n. pulot
pueot v. dampot, pulot
puot adj. barado, di-makhinga
sampot v. dumating, bumalik
saot adj. sayaw
simangot
singhot v. singhot
sipot v. simot, ubos
suepot v. magpakita
sug-ot v. pagdugtungin
sugot v. payag, pinayagan, pumayag
suhot v. sumuot, gumapang
supot n. patos
supot n. supot
sutsot v. siksik, sitsit
tutot n. torotot
umabot v. dumating, nakarating
umutot v. umutot
utot
wangot v. simangot

OY


baboy
Boboy
euoy
kaeuoy
kawboy
makaeueuoy
Nonoy
kahoy
konboy
tomboy


PA

istampa
duepa
dupa
kopa
maduepa
mapa
papa
sipa
sumpa
supa
toepa
PI
atopi
usipi

PO

grepo
obispo
upo
RI

asukari
balibari
bayari
bayri
buri
hakiri
makuri
tukari

RO

basurero
bombero
hiro
kabalyero
libro
musikero
panadero
pariho
patintiro
pero
primero
siguro
tubero
yero


RON

baliskaron
baron
eapad-eaparon
paandaron
paantad-antaron
palikod-likuron
sipad-siparon

SA


alamusa
alsa
baeasa
baesa
baesa
bakasa
baldosa
balikisa
basa
bastosa
batasa
bawas
brutsa
buesa
bukeasa
bukeasa
daeamasa
dapeasa
diyosa
dungisa
dusdosa
eagsa
easa
eskandalosa
eugosa
eutosa
euwasa
gansa
gaposa
ginisa
gisa
grasa
hakosa
haligsa
hameosa
handosa
hilobsa
himosa
huksa
hunosa
isla
itsa
kabisa
kaeabasa
kaeoskosa
kalesa
kandosa
kasa
kilatisa
kondesa
kuratsa
lamesa
lasa
ligsa
maeasa
mahisa
mutsatsa
nagabasa
putsa
umpisa

SI

atrasi
batsi
bawasi
buksi
hakosi v. sinturonan
haksi v. sinturonan
klasi
kudlisi
kulintasi
kumpasi
kusi
pasi
asi-asi
paksi
sursi
taksi

SO/SU

kaso
kiso
maso
minanso
mestiso
piso
pisu
puslo
puso
tirso

TA

bisita
kamisita
kwarta
punta
puta
makita
trumpita

TI

aniti
Ati
bati
beti-beti
binti
buki
buti
eati
haeati v. sampayan
haeoti v.kayasin
indi
kapyoti
linti
paksi
puniti
puti
pamati
tugoti


TO

agto v. punta
agto adj. lutong
alipungto
Bagto
bangto
bato
binato
binato (ng bato)
bisto
bulto
buto
disgusto
gasto
ginbugto
gusto
ikapito
ingsakto
into
mueto
nagaagto
nagaagto (lumulutong)
nagabuto
nag-agto
nagapaagto
ominto
pato
pito
prito
punto
retrato
rikato
rondato
semento
sentimyento
semyinto
tigpito
tonto

ud
magpabakud

UE
himuebue

UG
daug
madaug

US

hushus
nahushus
pahushus
Jesus

UT

hakut

WA

banwa
daywa
kawa
kaywa


WI

bawi
dawi
iwi
nakadawi

Ya

abiriya
barya
buaya
dagaya
disgrasya
dunsilya
hopya
komedya
kumpanya
medalya
makinilya
marabilya n. flower
maya
perya
raya
saya
tihaya
tualya

YI

bayi
bayi-bayi

YO
Pag-uli ko sa Lezo
Abaw, hakibot gid ako
Guba ro munisipyo
Matsa inagyan it bagyo.—Miles

bagyo
demonyo
dormitoryo
hermitanyo
hingyo
munisipyo
yoyo

YON

demolisyon
dominyon
donasyon
eleksiyon
kansiyon
koneksiyon
kuleksyon
musyon
opinyon
padayon
pundasyon
punsyon
reaksiyon
rebulosyon
tensiyon





The Author

Melchor Francisco Cichon received his Master of Management from the U.P. in the Visayas and his Master of Library Science from U.P. Diliman. He is the author of the book of Aklanon poems, Ham-at Madueom Ro Gabii? (Bakit Madilim Ang Gabi?). He co-edited the Aklanon special issue of Ani, and co-edited Bueabod, the official literary journal of Aklanon Literary Circle. Born in Sta. Cruz, Lezo, Aklan, Melchor was the 2001 Pambansang Gawad ng Alagad ni Balagtas for Aklanon poetry. His poems have been published in Philippines Free Press, Philippine Graphic, Ani, HomeLife, Mantala, Heron’s Nest, a haiki journal, and other publications here and abroad. He won first prize in the first ever poetry contest of Home Life magazine. He won first prize in the 2002 regional poetry contest sponsored by Sentro Ng Wikang Filipino, U.P. in the Visayas. After retirement as Head, College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences Library, U.P. in the Visayas, Miag-ao, Iloilo, he works as a librarian at Great Saviour College, Iloilo City. He maintains a website exclusively for Aklanon literature: http://aklanonliteraturearchive.blogspot.com
On April 25, 2011, he received an award as Outstanding Aklanon for Arts and Culture.